The letter came towards the tail end of Sherman’s campaign in Georgia and his capture of Savannah, a “Christmas gift” for President Lincoln. Liddell Hart credited Sherman with mastery of maneuver warfare (also known as the "indirect approach"), as demonstrated by his series of turning movements against Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign. Step-by-step answer . Step-by-step answer ESSAY GUIDELINES -: Write a 1000-1500-word essay addressing each of the following points. These tactics definitely bended the common rules of war, but Sherman was willing to do this because he believed that it would bring his country back together. The essence of the Union’s hard war strategy is demonstrated in General William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea, a path of destruction across the State of Georgia principally from Atlanta to Savannah. A body containing several paragraphs, each of which will: (10%) Resources used as rationale for approaches and as sources of content, _____ 5. William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author. Therefore, he believed that the North had to conduct its campaign as a war of conquest and employ scorched earthtactics to break the backbone of the rebellion, which he called "hard war". The influential 20th-century British military historian and theorist B. H. Liddell Hart ranked Sherman as one of the most important strategists in the annals of war, along with Scipio Africanus, Belisarius, Napoleon Bonaparte, T. E. Lawrence, and Erwin Rommel. He eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms. His father died while William was still a boy and after his father’s death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. Accusations that civilians were targeted and war crimes were committed on the march have made Sherman a controversial figure to this day, particularly in the South. Sherman's advance through Georgia and South Carolina was characterized by widespread destruction of civilian supplies and infrastructure. Sherman’s tactics along with those used by Union cavalry commander Philip Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley are seen as the first use of modern total warfare. The letter came towards the tail end of Sherman’s campaign in Georgia and his capture of Savannah, a “Christmas gift” for President Lincoln. The results were his March to the sea which ultimately broke the confederates. Sherman’s March represented an evolution of the broader Union policies of “hard war.” DAVID EVANS, historian and author of "Sherman's Horsemen" At the time, Sherman's decision to abandon his line of communications and cast off for the Georgia coast … In his campaign through Georgia he implemented his total war strategy, which included speedily advancing through Georgia to the Atlantic at any cost, something he called hard war. Sherman’s Tactics: Strategy and Total War Destruction of a Railroad by the Union Army in Georgia (1864). [3] The speed and efficiency of the destruction by Sherman's army was remarkable. Avoid excessive use of quotations. . Sherman's March to the Sea refers to a long stretch of devastating Union army movements that took place during the United States Civil War.In the fall of 1864, the Union General William Tecumseh ("Cump") Sherman took 60,000 men … Union General William T. Sherman led 60,000 soldiers on an approximately 300 mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. Like Grant, Sherman was convinced that the Confederacy's strategic, economic, and psychological ability to wage further war needed to be definitively crushed if the fighting were to end. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. Mark Grimsley described Sherman’s Savannah campaign in The Hard Hand of War. present a topic sentence or central idea supporting your thesis statement/line of argument/central contention; contain developing sentences which extend on or amplify the topic sentence; give evidence/examples/references that support/relate to your topic sentence; and, restates your thesis statement/line of argument/central contention; and. When the city council appealed to him to rescind that order, on the grounds that it would cause great hardship to women, children, the elderly, and others who bore no responsibility for the conduct of the war, Sherman sent a response in which he sought to articulate his conviction that a lasting peace would be possible only if the Union were restored, and that he was therefore prepared to do all he could do to quash the rebellion: Literary critic Edmund Wilson found in Sherman's Memoirs a fascinating and disturbing account of an "appetite for warfare" that "grows as it feeds on the South". -- Civil War History "With Sherman's Mississippi Campaign , Foster has contributed significantly to the literature on the Civil War's western theater. The practice of bending rails around trees, leaving behind what came to be known as Sherman's neckties, made repairs difficult. See, for instance, Grimsley, pp. Grimsley cited a letter from Sherman to Grant… 190–204; McPherson, pp. This masterly campaign comprised a series of cat-and-mouse moves by the rival commanders. “Sherman’s strategy is the art of war employed by the unsuccessful,” Signal declared. There should be two main sections, one for each bullet below. explains how the essay will be organised (order of points). And his brother Hoyt was a successfu… (4%) Format includes title page, body of paper, & reference page, with pages numbered, No need to gamble yet we've got you covered. After serving during the Mexican War of 1846–1848, he resigned his commission in 1853. Liddell Hart credited Sherman with mastery of maneuver warfare (also known as the "indirect … “Sherman’s strategy is the art of war employed by the unsuccessful,” Signal declared. [4] Consuming supplies, wrecking infrastructure, and undermining morale were Sherman's stated goals, and several of his Southern contemporaries noted this and commented on it. The severity of the destructive acts by Union troops was significantly greater in South Carolina than in Georgia or North Carolina. My guess is you're referring principally to Sherman's "March to the Sea" near the end of 1864, i.e., the last full year of the U.S. Civil War, in which this general led a vast Union army from Atlanta through northern Georgia and parts of South Carolina to Savannah on the Atlantic coast, effectively splitting the territory of the Confederacy. Length: 1000-1500 words; answers must thoroughly address the prompts in a clear, concise manner. But the hard-war strategy left a legacy of bitterness that lasted for generations. (4%) Format includes title page, body of paper, & reference page, with pages numbered, _____ 5. What was General Sherman’s “hard war,” what was his “bold strategy” after taking Atlanta, and how did he justify his unconventional plan to Grant and Lincoln? His siblings all enjoyed professional success. As Sheridan left Virginia's Shenandoah Valley ablaze, Union general William T. Sherman implemented hard-war policies in the Deep South with his "March to the Sea." His younger brother John served in the U.S. Senate. Sherman's advance through Georgia and South Carolina was characterized by widespread destruction of civilian supplies and infrastructure. (C) Sherman moved deep into … The solution descibes the new type of warfare pursued by William T. Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant. He engages notable Civil War historians . Dec. 11, 1872 deposition, Mixed Commission, XIV, 91, quoted in Marion B. Lucas, William T. Sherman - Index / Quick Reference, William T. Sherman - Autobiography, Memoirs, and Correspondence, https://CivilWarWiki.net/w/index.php?title=William_T._Sherman_-_Strategies&oldid=2744. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment. After the fall of Atlanta in 1864, Sherman ordered the city's evacuation. . To Sherman war is hell and he demonstrated that he had every intention of wreaking havoc upon the southern states. Sherman’s Total War tactic was his way of ending a war faster than normal. Atlanta was devastated. Write a 1000-1500-word essay addressing each of the following points. William T. Sherman, a major-general for the United States Army during the Civil War, wrote the letter to General Henry Halleck, who was in Washington D.C. at the time. Sherman’s army burned much of Columbia, the capital of South Carolina. President Lincoln and Generals Sherman and Grant embraced a “hard war-soft peace” philosophy by the end of the war, with General Sherman being its principal proponent; given that General Sherman was a war criminal, it makes sense that he supported such brutal policy. The results were his March to the sea which ultimately broke the confederates. President Lincoln and Generals Sherman and Grant embraced a “hard war-soft peace” philosophy by the end of the war, with General Sherman being its principal proponent; given that General Sherman was a war criminal, it makes sense that he supported such brutal policy. (20%) write paper in a scholarly manner The Army destroyed railroads, farms, and houses- gobbling up  food and confiscating jewelry looted from civilians. The cover page and reference page in correct APA do not count towards the minimum word amount. General Sherman's record as a tactician was mixed, and his military legacy rests primarily on his command of logistics and on his brilliance as a strategist. Total War in the Civil War. The American Civil War lasted four years, from 1861 to 1865. The essence of the Union’s hard war strategy is demonstrated in General William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea, a path of destruction across the State of Georgia principally from Atlanta to Savannah. Grimsley cited a letter from Sherman to Grant… Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Support your ideas with at least three (3) sources using citations in your essay. Sherman’s army burned much of Columbia, the capital of South Carolina. Liddell Hart also stated that study of Sherman's campaigns had contributed significantly to his own "theory of strategy and tactics in mechanized warfare", which had in turn influenced Heinz Guderian's doctrine of Blitzkrieg and Rommel's use of tanks during the Second World War. We offer the services below for free on all orders; E-mail us: support@masterlynursingpapers.com. Sherman's concept of total war was a continuation of the tradition of the "nation at arms" established by the French Revolution. 712–714, 727–729. His older brother Charles became a federal judge. What was General Sherman's "hard war," what was his "bold strategy" after taking Atlanta, and how did he justify his unconventional plan to Grant and Lincoln? Though exact figures are not available, the loss of civilian life appears to have been very small. Hirshson, p. 393, quoting B.H. However, the Civil War was dragging on and General William Tecumseh Sherman was determined to finally end the fighting. Atlanta was devastated. The damage done by Sherman was almost entirely limited to the destruction of much property. (A) Sherman's hard war strategy was to conduct the Norths campaign as a war of conquest and employ a scorched earth tactic to break the rebellion. His vision of hard war brought the Confederacy to its knees, but forestalled thousands of battlefield and civilian deaths. The author's main theme is the development by Sherman of his "hard war" strategy and the destruction of the enemy's capacity to make war by destroying his economic base and his support among the population. Nine successive defensive positions were taken up by Johnston. 200–202. He engages notable Civil War historians . Called total war, it … (20%) Write the Paper in a scholarly manner It futher discusses the change in strategy these men employed and point out a battle or campaign in which each man used their new strategy and how or if these strategies were successful. Like Grant, Sherman was convinced that the Confederacy's strategic, economic, and psychological ability to wage further war needed to be definitively crushed if the fighting were to end. . Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. Sherman himself downplayed his role in conducting total war, often saying that he was simply carrying out orders as best he could in order to fulfill his part of Grant's master plan for ending the war. . “Sherman’s strategy is the art of war employed by the unsuccessful,” Signal declared. [6] One of the most serious accusations against Sherman was that he allowed his troops to burn the city of Columbia. Sherman’s March to the Sea Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was a contradiction embodied. Mark Grimsley described Sherman’s Savannah campaign in The Hard Hand of War. General Sherman's record as a tactician was mixed, and his military legacy rests primarily on his command of logistics and on his brilliance as a strategist. 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