Earthquakes and violent weather-related catastrophes helped make 2011 the costliest year ever for response and recovery from disaster. DRM programmes should not be standalone but instead be integrated within development planning and practice, since disasters are an indicator of failed or skewed development, of unsustainable economic and social processes, and of ill-adapted societies (UNISDR, 2009b, 2011, 2013 and 2015a). The best time to address the issues of Disaster Risk Reduction Management is now, no other best time BUT TODAY! Integrating DRR across multiple sectors, including health, environment, etc. Fundamentally, DRR succeeds in reducing risk by building the strengths, attributes and resources available within a community, society or organization – collectively known as their capacity. There is no ‘one-size fits all’ approach to DRM, but there exist a number of approaches and frameworks, which have been effectively implemented to reduce disaster risk. It therefore requires a people-centred and multi-sector approach, building resilience to multiple, cascading and interacting hazards and creating a culture of prevention and resilience. The NDRRMP sets down the expected outcomes, outputs, key activities, indicators, lead agencies, implementing partners and timelines under each of the four distinct yet mutually reinforcing thematic areas. Members of the Silver Jackets learn from one another and apply their knowledge to reduce the risk of flooding and other natural disasters. Providing a measure of the impact of different hazard events—potential number of damaged buildings, fatalities and injuries, secondary hazards—makes it possible to establish detailed and realistic plans for better response to disasters, which can ultimately reduce the severity of adverse natural events. Development can be sustainable, it is just a question of whether we can change our approach in time to prevent disaster risk from reaching dangerous levels (UNISDR, 2015a). 4) to reduce the underlying risk factors; and The result is another stark reality of our times – that striking inequalities persist, with global disaster risk disproportionately concentrated in poorer countries with weaker governance. Community preparedness and risk reduction (see plan) • Countries at high risk of natural hazards, food security and climate change will be identified, facilitating more targeted support to more communities. All mitigation measures are important as they save lives and reduce the cost of … Five priorities identified for action are: 1) to ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority; It is rather a concern for everyone - from citizens who must be empowered to make decisions which reduce risk, to political leaders, government institutions, the private sector, civil society organisations, professional bodies, and scientific and technical institutions. She is also the Chair of the United Nations Development Group. That is, to predict and, where possible, prevent disasters, mitigate their impact on vulnerable populations, and respond to and effectively cope with their consequences. Section 14 of the Republic Act 10121 (or the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010) requires DepEd, CHED, and Tesda to integrate disaster risk … Some low and middle-income countries may not have the financial resilience to accommodate the likely average annual losses from future disasters, which threaten the very economic existence of many small island development states (UNISDR, 2015a). By Shawn McCarthy. This Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) course has been designed to provide an in-depth overview of DRRM to humanitarian professionals interested in expanding their knowledge on DRRM. We have over 30 years of research into disaster risk, but much of this is not available in a form that is understandable or useful to those who need it the most. DRM activities are designed to increase the resilience of people, communities, society and systems to resist, absorb, accommodate and to recover from and improve well-being in the face of multiple hazards. Disaster risk reduction & disaster risk management, Construction of a retaining wall to limit flooding, Afghanistan, Construction of a channel to reduce the risk of underground flooding, Overall and insured losses worldwide, 1980-2013, Horacio Marcos C. Mordeno, MindaNews CC BY 2.0, © Focus Humanitarian Assistance (FOCUS) - USA, © Munich Re, 2013: Geo Risks Research, NatCatSERVICE, as of January 2014, Identification and measuring disaster risk, Informing people about their risk (awareness raising), Incorporating DRM into national planning and investment, Strengthening institutional and legislative arrangements, Providing financial protection for people and businesses at risk (finance and contingency planning). The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. They can also help to identify who retains the risks, who bears the costs and who reaps the benefits. It may take decades for the outcome of improved planning regulations and building standards to translate into reduced disaster losses, as a critical mass of new, risk-sensitive building and urban development has to be achieved (UNISDR, 2015a). From a development perspective, therefore, disaster risk reduction is vital for building a more equitable and sustainable future. Consequently DRM includes strategies designed to: Although DRM includes disaster preparedness and response activities, it is about much more than managing disasters (UNISDR, 2015a). We need to manage risks, not just disasters. However, we need to recognize that the impact of some DRM measures may not be immediate. Moreover, risk information for resilient reconstruction needs to be available before an event occurs, since after the event there is rarely time to collect the information needed to inform resilient design and land-use plans. 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