C: Yeah- He- Well, that’s what Mawson claims. Having won distinction as a member of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic team (1907-9), he led his own expedition south in 1911. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. Another of his most notable works was the book The Home of the Blizzard (1915). But make sure you take a coat. 2 quotes from Douglas Mawson: 'In no department can a leader spend time more profitably than in the selection of the men who are to accomplish the work.' Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... An overview of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–14), led by Douglas Mawson. Sir Douglas commanded two more expeditions to the Antarctic in 1929 and 1930-31. Born in England on 5 May 1882, Mawson migrated to … After his two companions died, he completed the expedition alone, travelling 160km in 30 days. In 1969 a medical analysis concluded that he died from eating too much dog liver with its high concentrations of Vitamin A, which can be toxic to humans. A scientist before all else, he sought information and knowledge rather than fame, fortune or ‘firsts’. Sir Douglas, a noted scholar and courageous leader, became a world-famous figure in the history of polar exploration. Douglas Mawson Mawson was born in Yorkshire, .. 1930 Credit:Frank Hurley courtesy of NLA. Douglas Mawson: The Psychology of a Survivor "It's dead easy to die; it's the keeping on living that's hard." Mawson’s Hut and its outbuildings remain largely intact and are of national and international heritage significance. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The dogs were all on Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) of 1911-14, but the naming is a tribute to all the huskies that underpinned Australian exploration in the icy continent. Dragging two sledges, one weighing 606 pounds and the other 250 pounds, they took four months to cover the 250 miles, averaging about two miles a day. His face appears on the $100 note and his picture has appeared on stamps. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. Five men set up a base at Macquarie Island, while the remainder sailed on the Antarctic continent to establish two bases: the Main Base at Commonwealth Bay led by Mawson, and the Western Base at Queen Mary Land led by Frank Wild. He later became a professor at the Adelaide University and was made Sir Douglas by the King in 1914. In November 1912, the Far Easte… His bust in the Prince Henry Gardens, outside the University of Adelaide, commemorates the life and work of an outstanding scientist and explorer. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. So both became really sick and Mertz died. This year the 76-year-old Sir Douglas easily passed his annual test for a driver's licence. Xavier Mertz sickens. 1930. The Prime Minister, Mr Menzies, tonight said Sir Douglas had been one of the very great men of this century. Omissions? Douglas Mawson as expedition commander. © Australian Antarctic Division and the ABC Sir Douglas Mawson BirthdayFriday, May 05, 1882 BirthplaceShipley, West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom DiedTuesday, October 14, 1958 Nationality Australian Occupation Geologist, chemistry demonstrator, Antarctic explorer, academic EducationRooty Hill and Fort Street Model School, Sydney, New South Wales Known for First ascent of Mount Erebus. In Melbourne, Dr Frank Stillwell who was a member of the Australasian Antarctic expedition, which Sir Douglas led in 1911, said: "Sir Douglas was the greatest and most famous of our Antarctic explorers. The funeral is expected to be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow. It took weeks, but he finally reached the base and was saved. Mawson received a bachelor’s degree in mining engineering from Sydney University in 1902, and his field investigations in the Broken Hill mining area of west-central New South Wales earned him a doctorate in science from the university in 1909. Ninnis died when he fell down a crevasse, together with the sledge carrying most of their food supplies, and later Mertz became ill and died. Sir Douglas was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, in 1882, and came to Australia, as a child. So. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. A member of the scientific staff of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton’s Antarctic Expedition (1907), Mawson, together with T.W.E. Mawson and five men remained for another year. 6 men waited for Mawson's team to arrive only Mawson survived out of the three in he's group. In 1907, he went to the Antarctic as a geologist with the Shackleton expedition, and with Sir William Edgeworth David found the south Magnetic Pole on January 16, 1909. "He had courage, remarkable ability, great vision and great tenacity," Mr Menzies said. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Douglas-Mawson, Australian Dictionary of Biography - Sir Douglas Mawson, Douglas Mawson - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Douglas Mawson - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He was born in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England, on 5th May 1882, the son of cloth merchant Robert El.. 1882–1958, Australian Antarctic explorer, born … In addition to his other activities, Mawson edited and contributed to the 22-volume Reports of Australasian Antarctic Expeditions. Who doesn't love being #1? A year later a ship arrived to get the 6 men and Mawson. Mawson passionately lobbied for the federal government to undertake regular Australian Antarctic expeditions, which continue to this day. Sir Douglas Mawson and expedition members cheering the raising of the Union Jack flag at Proclamation Harbour, Enderby Land, Antarctica, ca. He had been ill for some years. He returned to find his ship Aurora had left a few hours earlier. From December 1911 to March 1913 Hurley worked enthusiastically under arduous conditions, taking both still photographs and movie film, and his high spirits made him a popular and valued member of the team. Douglas Mawson attends University Mawson studied mining engineering at the University of Sydney between 1902 and 1905. High This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale. Sir Douglas Mawson was a colossus of the heroic age of Antarctic exploration who carried the banner of scientific research to the great white continent and established Australia’s territorial claim. The expedition landed in Antarctica in early 1912 and proceeded to set up its main base on Commonwealth Bay. Embarking on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE) with Mawson, John King Davis captained the Aurora with a crew, 31 expeditioners and materials for living huts, and wireless masts to establish the first radio communications in Antarctica. Mawson, a base in Australian Antarctic Territory, commemorates his discovery in 1930 of MacRobertson Land, on whose fringe it lies.He planned a fourth expedition to the Antarctic in 1946, but later retired from it. 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