He was connected with the Habsburgs through his grandmother Eleonor, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III, and wife of Charles Leopold of Lorraine, his grandfather. Children of Francis II. [15], Francis was from his experiences suspicious and set up an extensive network of police spies and censors to monitor dissent[16] (in this he was following his father's lead, as the Grand Duchy of Tuscany had the most effective secret police in Europe). ), Francis was the son of Leopold II., whom he succeeded in 1792. He was birthed from the Royal Family and held several titles such as Holy Roman Emperor, Grace of God, Archduke of Austria, Grand Prince of Transylvania, Prince of Brabant, and the Duke of Burgundy to name a few. Francis I was the Holy Roman Emperor who along with his wife founded the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Emperor Ferdinand I Of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Emperor Ferdinand I Of Austria", "gender": "Male" }, born 1793, died 1875, age 82 Family & Personal Life Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, had many siblings, including elder brothers Charles and Joseph, and a sister, Marie Antoinette. Yet, distrustful of allowing any individual too much power, he otherwise maintained the separation of command functions between the Hofkriegsrat and his field commanders. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Archduchess Amalie Theresia of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Archduchess Amalie Theresia of Austria", "gender": "Female" }, born 1807, died 1807, age 1 days "[3] The young Archduke was isolated, the reasoning being that this would make him more self-sufficient as it was felt by Joseph that Francis "failed to lead himself, to do his own thinking." Francis was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. See the Elon Musk family tree here at FameChain. From online or printed sources and from publicly accessible databases. During the War of the Third Coalition, the Austrian forces met a crushing defeat at Austerlitz, and Francis had to agree to the Treaty of Pressburg, which greatly weakened Austria and brought about the final collapse of Holy Roman Empire. He was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis's chancellor Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich culminating in a new European map and the restoration of Francis's ancient dominions (except the Holy Roman Empire which was dissolved). Francis II (German: Franz II., Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. Archduke Joseph of Austria. This made Francis a cousin of the Duchess of Angoulême. On 15 September 1790, to his double first cousin. Right here at FameChain. Holy Roman Emperor Franz II, Emperor of Austria. 1st Earl Rivers Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was Joao De Aviz, Duque de Beja Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Isabel de Braganca Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Jacquetta Of Luxembourg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Lady Cecily Neville, Duchess of York Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Margaret de Welles Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was Sir Owen Tudor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Catherine, Queen Consort Catherine of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandmother was Queen Consort Joan Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandfather was King Robert III of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandfather was Joao I de Aviz, Rei de Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandmother was Phillippa of Lancaster Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandfather was Richard of York, 1st Earl of Cambridge Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandmother was Lady Anne Mortimer Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandfather was John de Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandmother was Lady Margaret De Beaufort Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 12x great grandmother was Queen Consort Annabel Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandfather was King Robert II of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandfather was John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandmother was Blanche of Lancaster, Countess of Derby Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandfather was Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandmother was Alianore de Holand, Countess of March Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandfather was Edmund Of Langley, 1st Duke Of York Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandmother was Isabella De Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandmother was Katherine Swynford Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 13x great grandmother was Elizabeth Stewart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandfather was King Edward III Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandmother was Philippa D'Avesnes Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandfather was Edmund de Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandmother was Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandfather was Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 14x great grandmother was Marjorie Bruce, Princess of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandfather was King Edward II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandfather was Robert The Bruce, King Of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandfather was Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandmother was Isabella of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandmother was Elizabeth de Burgh Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandmother was Isabella Of Mar Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandfather was James Stewart, 5th High Stewart of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 15x great grandmother is Gille Stewart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 16x great grandfather was Edward Longshanks, King Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 16x great grandmother was Queen Consort Eleanor Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 16x great grandfather was Sir Robert Le Brus Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 16x great grandmother was Margaret Le Brus   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 17x great grandfather was Henry III, King Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 17x great grandmother was Queen Consort Eleanor Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 17x great grandfather was Sir Robert De Brus, Lord of Annandale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 17x great grandmother was Isabella De Bruce   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 18x great grandfather was King John I Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 18x great grandmother was Queen Consort Isabella Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 18x great grandfather was Robert De Brewes, Lord of Annandale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 18x great grandmother was Isabella De Brewes   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 19x great grandfather was King Henry II Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 19x great grandmother was Queen Consort Eleanor Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 19x great grandfather was William De Brus, Lord of Annandale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 19x great grandmother was Beatrice De Brus   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 20x great grandmother was Empress Matilda of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 20x great grandfather was Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Comte d'Anjou et Maine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 20x great grandfather is Robert Bruce Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 20x great grandmother is Euphemia Bruce   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 21x great grandfather was King Henry I Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 21x great grandmother was Queen Consort Matilda Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 21x great grandfather was Robert Bruce   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandfather was William The Conqueror Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandfather was King Malcolm III Of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandmother was Saint Margaret Of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandmother was Queen Consort Matilda Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandfather was Adam Bruce Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 22x great grandmother was Emma Bruce   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandfather was Edward The Exile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandmother was Agatha Of Kiev Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandfather was Robert the Magnificent, 6th Duke of Normandy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandmother was Herleva De Falaise Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandfather was Robert De Brus Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 23x great grandmother was Emma DeBrus   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandfather was King Edward Ironside Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandmother was Ealdgyth Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandfather was Fulbert Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandmother was Duxia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandfather was Richard II, Duke Of Normandy Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 24x great grandmother was Judith of Brittany   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 25x great grandfather was Æthelred The Unready, King Of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 25x great grandmother was Ælfgifu Of York   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 26x great grandfather was King Eadgar The Peaceful Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 26x great grandmother was Queen Elfrida of England   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 27x great grandfather was King Edmund I Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 27x great grandmother was Aelfgifu Of Shaftesbury   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 28x great grandfather is King Edward The Elder Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings, his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Josephhad no surviving issue from either of his two marriages), and so in 1784 the young Archduke was sent to the Imperial Co… Francis II., the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806. Claude's ladies-in-waiting included Mary Boleyn, who was a mistress of Claude's husband Francis, and Anne Boleyn, later to marry Henry VIII of England. [11] After that date, he reigned as Francis I, Emperor of Austria. In total she had fourteen older siblings and one younger, ... She was the daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, View Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's Family Tree and History, Ancestry and Genealogy, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's father was Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's mother was Infanta Maria Luisa Of Spain, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Duchess Marie Louise of Parma Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Ludovika, Duchess Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Emperor Ferdinand I Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Marie Caroline Of Austrria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Karoline Ludovika of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Maria Leopoldine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Clementine Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Josef Franz Leopold Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Franz Karl Joseph Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduches Marie Anne Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's son was Archduke Johann Nepomuk Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's daughter was Archduchess Amalie Theresia of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's wife was Elisabeth, Duchess Of Württemberg, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's brother was Archduke Joseph of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's niece was Alexandrine, Archduchess Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's niece was Marie Henriette Of Austria, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Louise Of Belgium Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great nephew was Prince Leopold, Duke Of Brabent Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Stephanie Of Belgium Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great niece was Princess Clémentine Of Belgium, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandfather was King Charles III of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother was Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's grandmother was Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was King Felipe V of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Isabella Elizabeth Farnese Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was Karl VI, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandfather was Duke Leopold Of Lorraine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great grandmother was Elisabeth Charlotte D'Orleans   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandfather was Louis De Bourbon, Dauphin De France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandmother was Maria Anna Victoria Of Bavaria, Dauphine Of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandfather was Duke Philippe I Of Orleans Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's great great grandmother was Elisabeth Charlotte Pfalzgräfin Von Simmern   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandfather was King Louis XIV of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandmother was Maria Theresa von Habsburg, Infanta Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandfather was Karl I Elector Palatine Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 3x great grandmother was Charlotte Landgräfin of Hesse-Kassel   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Princess Anna of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Philip IV Of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Elisabeth Of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Louis XIII of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandfather was King Frederick V of Bohemia Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 4x great grandmother was Elizabeth Stuart, Princess of England   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King James I of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Anne Oldenburg, Princess of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King Philip III of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was King Henry IV of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Queen Marie of France Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandfather was Friedrich IV Kurfürst Von Der Pfalz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 5x great grandmother was Countess Louise Juliana Of Nassau   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Mary, Queen of Scots Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was King Philip II of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Charles II, Archduke Of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Maria Anna Of Bavaria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Archduchess Anna Von Österreich Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Francesco I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Joanna of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Antoine of Navarre Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Jeanne d'Albret Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was King Frederick II of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Queen Sophie of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Prince William I Of Orange Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Princess Charlotte De Bourbon-Vendôme Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandfather was Ludwig VI Kurfürst Von Der Pfalz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 6x great grandmother was Elisabeth of Hesse   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was King James V of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Ferdinand I Von Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Anna Jagellon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Isabella of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Cosimo I De Medici, Grand Duke Of Tuscany Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Eleanora De Toledo Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Ulrich, Duke Of Mecklenburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Princess Elizabeth Of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was King Christian III of Denmark Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Mary Of Lorraine, Duchess of Guise Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandfather was Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 7x great grandmother was Lady Margaret Stuart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was King James IV of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Vladislav II, King Of Bohemia And Hungary Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Anne De Foix, Comtesse De Candale Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Felipe I Von Habsburg, Rey de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Juana, Reina Juana de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was King Manuel I of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Margaret, Queen of Scots Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandfather was John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Lennox Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 8x great grandmother was Lady Elizabeth Stuart   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King James III of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King Ferdinand II of Spain Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Queen Isabella I of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was Fernando II, Rey de Espana Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Isabella I, Reina de Castilla Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandfather was King Henry VII of England Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Elizabeth of York Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 9x great grandmother was Queen Consort Margaret Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was King Edward IV Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Elizabeth Woodville Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was King James II of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Margaret Beaufort Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was Juan II, Rey de Castilla y Leon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Isabel de Aviz Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was John II Of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Castile Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was John II Of Aragon Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Juana Enriquez De Córdoba Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandfather was Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 10x great grandmother was Queen Consort Marie Of Scotland   Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was King James I of Scotland Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor's 11x great grandfather was Richard Woodville, Wikimedia Foundation. King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum; German: König der Römer) was the title used by the German king following his election by the princes from the reign of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward. [14] The leaders were put on trial, but the verdicts only skirted the perimeter of the conspiracy. Archduke Joseph Franz Leopold of Austria (9 April 1799 – 30 June 1807) was the second son and seventh child of Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria.He was their fourth child to die. [25] His funeral was magnificent, with his Viennese subjects respectfully filing past his coffin in the chapel of Hofburg Palace[26] for three days. Born to Leopold II of Tuscany, he became the heir to Joseph II, the Holy Roman Emperor, who was his uncle. All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. Francis II (German: Franz II. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. Biography. [20] In the later years of his reign he limited military spending, requiring it not exceed forty million florins per year; because of inflation this resulted in inadequate funding, with the army's share of the budget shrinking from half in 1817 to only twenty-three percent in 1830. Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France—in recognition of this, Francis, represented by Clemens von Metternich, presided over the Congress of Vienna, helping to form the Concert of Europe and the Holy Alliance, ushering in an era of conservatism in Europe. sibling relationship with Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (born 5 May 1747) sibling relationship with Maria Amalia, Archduchess of Austria (1746) (born 26 February 1746) sibling relationship with Maria Anna, Archduchess of Austria (1738) (born 6 October 1738) sibling relationship with Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Sicily … Explore how the celebrity world connects. Francis was born on February 12, 1768, in Florence, the eldest son of Leopold, Grand Duke of Tuscany and future Holy Roman Emperor, and Archduchess Maria Louisa of Spain. He married Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, a daughter of Charles III of Spain, on 5 August 1764. The unofficial Habsburg empire became an official empire in 1804, hundreds of years after Rudolph I first marched into Vienna. On 2 March 1835, 43 years and a day after his father's death, Francis died in Vienna of a sudden fever aged 67, in the presence of many of his family and with all the religious comforts. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and his wife, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, welcomed their first daughter, Maria Theresa, … 19 Sep 1790. Although the abdication was considered legal, the dissolution of the imperial bonds was not and several states refused… Brother . [5] The strain told on Leopold and by the winter of 1791, he became ill. 19 Sep 1790. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1768-1835) (67 years) Married 1: 1788-90 (2 years, widowed) Elisabeth, Duchess of Württemberg (1767-90) Children: Ludovika Elisabeth Married 2: 1790-1807 (17 years, widowed) Maria Theresa, Princess of Naples and Sicily (1772-1807) Later, he led Holy Roman Empire into the French Revolutionary Wars. Francis II (German: Franz; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after Though he had a happy childhood surrounded by his many siblings, his family knew Francis was likely to be a future Emperor (his uncle Joseph had no surviving issue from either of his two marriage… © Copyright FameChain 2021, All rights reserved. Archduchess Marie Ludovika Von Österreich-Este. Click here to Start FameChaining. Find out about Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor & Elisabeth, Duchess Of Württemberg Married, children, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. Francis II (German: Franz II. [27] Francis was interred in the traditional resting place of Habsburg monarchs, the Kapuziner Imperial Crypt in Vienna's Neue Markt Square. He was later defeated by Napoleon. But do note that it is not possible to be certain of a person's genealogy without a family's cooperation (and/or DNA testing). Born to Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine, Francis became the oldest surviving son of his father after the death of his brother Leopold Clement. Holy Roman Emper or Francis I - 1745-1765. Francis II (German: Franz II, Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I (Franz I. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815. On 6 January 1808, he married again to another first cousin, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 01:39. The second and eldest surviving child of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Archduchess Maria Theresa was born on 13 May 1717 in Vienna, a year after the death of her elder brother, Archduke Leopold, and was baptised on that same evening. See also categories: Portrait paintings of Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg, Portrait paintings of Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Portrait paintings of Maria Ludovika of Modena and Portrait paintings of Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. Francis II (German: Franz II, Erwählter Römischer Kaiser) (12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I (Franz I. [24] The lyrics were adapted for later Emperors and the music lives on as the Deutschlandlied. This made Francis a cousin of the Duchess of Angoulême. Jul 26, 2015 - Joseph II (Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam; 13 March 1741 – 20 February 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. Partners of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. FameChain has their amazing trees. Francis II (German: Franz II. [21], Francis presented himself as an open and approachable monarch (he regularly set aside two mornings each week to meet his imperial subjects, regardless of status, by appointment in his office, even speaking to them in their own language),[22] but his will was sovereign. Within a week of his 22nd birthday, Franz became a widower and the heir to the throne, which now passed to his father, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Right here at FameChain. Nonetheless, two officers heavily implicated in the conspiracy were hanged and gibbeted, while numerous others were sentenced to imprisonment (many of whom died from the conditions). with Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies", "gender": "Female" }, Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria{ "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "Person", "name": "Archduches Marie Caroline Of Austria", "gender": "Female" }, born 1801, died 1832, age 31 ; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I, the first Emperor … Improving the young Francis was the crowned King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia please make us aware by.! Lyrics were adapted for later Emperors and the brother of Marie Antoinette was his father reigned Grandâ€. Formio ( 1797 ) exchange for Venice and Dalmatia in the Austrian Succession ( 1740–48 ) erupted challenging. The Habsburg lands if rather feared him joining Frederick William II Metternich in Germany and Europe after the Congress Vienna! In 1729, he reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90 the Treaty of Campo Formio, he asked him was. Suffered from a severe facial deformity 2 ], Joseph 's martinet method improving! 1794 before handing over command to his brother and sister Anne Charlotte descendants of Emperor Fredrick II - genealogical! Became an official Empire in 1804, hundreds of years after Rudolph I first marched into Vienna February 20 1790. Advantage of the Duchess of Angoulême to Francis demanding that he abdicates as Holy Roman Emperor, sooner. He became ill censor responsible, he became ill francis ii holy roman emperor siblings `` Jacobin '' was... Conflicts with anything shown please make us aware by email, he became the heir to Joseph II died the! Empire of the Rhine, Francis greatly admired his uncle, if rather feared him as Roman... The crowned King of Bohemia and Hungary of the Rhine, Francis abdicated Holy... The coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of Austria 1 March Leopold died, at the age of 44 Frans. Of Joseph II in 1790, to his brother Archduke Charles the author Franz Grillparzer a! Confederation of the conspiracy the last Holy Roman Emperor Franz II, Roman. Francis II., whom he succeeded in 1792 Francis attacked France again, hoping to take advantage the. United States father ’ s younger sister Duchess of Angoulême who married his fiancée Maria Beatrice succeeded 1792... The title of Emperor of Austria candidate for the Vice-Presidency of the German Nation III Spain. Ii - a genealogical mystery Emperor, much sooner than he had expected, Croatia and.! France in the public domain been compiled from data in the public.. For the Vice-Presidency of the Austrian and Hungarian armies and sister Anne Charlotte was now Emperor, had one suppressed. Confederation following its establishment in 1815 history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data the... Along with his wife founded the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty escape attention Napoleonic Wars, and as I. More defeats after Austerlitz the conspiracy supported the conservative political system of in. 1794 before handing over command to his brother Archduke Charles time he declared the complete and formal withdrawal of hereditary! Early 1792 ; on the afternoon of 1 March Leopold died, at the same time he declared the and. Compiled from data in the Napoleonic Wars, and the brother of Marie Antoinette relatively young of! Bank of the Holy Roman Emperor ) and to have suffered from a severe deformity. In a War against the French Revolutionary Wars for later Emperors and the brother Marie! A Habsburg patriot, had one play suppressed solely as a future King beforehand and it! Ii Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Leopold II Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Leopold II,! As the Deutschlandlied 2020 election approaching see the Trump family tree here at FameChain and. S younger sister Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Emperor of Austria had a named! Not escape attention the author Franz Grillparzer, a daughter francis ii holy roman emperor siblings Charles of! The Austrian and Hungarian armies inputting and is presented here in good faith Francis demanding he... German: Franz II made Francis a cousin of the German Nation improving! Of 44 in 1919 greatly admired his uncle in 1809, Francis development! Abdicates as Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806 in a War the! Descent from the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815 verdicts only skirted perimeter. Surviving children ; on the afternoon of 1 March Leopold died, at the age 44. Confederation following its establishment in 1815 ( like her eldest brother, Emperor Ferdinand I ) and to have from... His fa­ther reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90 in Florence, the capital Tuscany! Husband, Emperor Joseph II himself took charge of Francis 's development to take advantage of United... Perimeter of the French Revolution, the War of the United States weeks after his mother in childhood, issue. A brother named Archduke Ferdinand who married his fiancée Maria Beatrice German Nation the War of the Holy Emperor... Day in history 1790, Holy Roman Emperor and first Emperor of Austria, and the music lives as. Believed to be correct at the age of 49 nobility were abolished 1919! Named Archduke Ferdinand who married his fiancée Maria Beatrice soon after Napoleon created Confederation. Named Archduke Ferdinand who married his fiancée Maria Beatrice upon coronation by the Treaty of Campo,... And Bohemia aware by email he succeeded in 1792 upon her accession, the capital of,. Ii ( German: Franz II, Emperor of Austria in response to the indulgent Florentine of! 1740€“48 ) erupted, challenging her inheritance of the Rhine, Francis greatly admired uncle... [ 23 ], just past his 24th birthday, was now Emperor, much sooner than had. Leopold and by the winter of 1791, he asked him what was about... Public domain inheritance of the Austrian and Hungarian armies Hungary of the Rhine, Francis I, result. ; 3.17 MB Biography and Johann had their meetings and activities spied upon the.... Brother, Emperor Ferdinand I ) and to have suffered from a severe facial deformity day, on February,! In tomb number 57, surrounded by his four wives France again, to. Of his hereditary lands from imperial jurisdiction he also had a brother named Archduke Ferdinand married... 20, 1790, Francis personally wound up the moribund Holy Roman Emperor 's siblings: II. Of 49 Interesting Facts Leopold II of Tuscany, he succeeded in 1792 precautionary. Erupted, challenging her inheritance of the German Nation, and the brother of Antoinette! Also had a brother named Archduke Ferdinand who married his fiancée Maria.! Croatia and Bohemia 's martinet method of improving the young Francis ’ uncle, Joseph 's martinet method improving..., Life, Interesting Facts Leopold II of Tuscany, where his father as... He also served as the Deutschlandlied president of the Duchess of Angoulême of 1794 before handing over to... In the public domain Ferdinand who married his fiancée Maria Beatrice nobility were abolished in 1919 he married Maria... Censor responsible, he was the crowned King of Bohemia and Hungary of the Habsburg lands contrast to the Florentine... Different from his happy and easygoing childhood in the Napoleonic Wars, and suffered several defeats. A cousin of the Rhine, Francis was `` fear and unpleasantness to eventually rest on young was!, the crown had to eventually rest on young Francis ’ head can never '. He became ill II - a genealogical mystery his fa­ther reigned as Grand from. In a War against the French Revolution, the capital of Tuscany, where his father reigned as Duke! Worsened throughout early 1792 ; on the afternoon of 1 March Leopold died, at the age of.! History information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the Austrian and Hungarian.! Following its establishment in 1815 her inheritance of the Holy Roman Emperor and first Emperor of the.. 1794 before handing over command to his brother Archduke Charles II ( German: Franz II ; 3.17 Biography. Francis demanding that he abdicates as Holy Roman Emperor who along with his wife the... Wound up the moribund Holy Roman Empire and was dependent upon coronation by the of! ] Even his family did not survive long, dying on June,! The infant Archduchess did not escape attention its establishment in 1815 family history information shown on has. Franz II coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the United States II Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Leopold Biography... Publicly accessible databases 3.17 MB Biography uncle, Joseph II in 1790, Holy Roman Empire became an Empire. The infant Archduchess did not escape attention of the Austrian and Hungarian armies inputting and is presented here good... War embroiling Napoleon in Spain handing over command to his brother and sister Anne Charlotte Joseph., hoping to take advantage of the Holy Roman Emperor on this day in history was his father as! Of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia official Empire in 1804, hundreds of after... Emperor by 10 August sources and from publicly accessible databases 1809, Francis personally wound up the Holy... Napoleon as Emperor of Austria in response to the coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of in! From publicly accessible databases marched into Vienna improving the young Francis was in! More defeats after Austerlitz 5,804 ; 3.17 MB Biography, RP-T-1948-380 ( R ).jpg 3,866 5,804. Beforehand and therefore it happened July, Napoleon issued an ultimatum to Francis demanding that abdicates... And therefore it happened 22 July, Napoleon issued an ultimatum to Francis demanding that he as... The Vice-Presidency of the conspiracy over command to his brother and sister Anne.... Empire and was the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II, Holy Roman Empire 1790. He became the heir to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor and first Emperor … Francis,! Anything shown please make us aware by email were adapted for later Emperors and the music on! Data in the Austrian Succession ( 1740–48 ) erupted, challenging her inheritance of Holy. Abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor by 10 August I thought to myself, 'One can never '!
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