[335] Cats revolutionised the touring business by introducing the now commonplace practice of extended touring engagements that can last several weeks or months in a single city, as opposed to the typical one-week or ten-day tour stop. There was trouble initially as Judi Dench, cast in the role of Grizabella, snapped her Achilles tendon during rehearsals prior to the London opening. She "sits and sits and sits and sits" all day, while at night she teaches the mice and cockroaches various activities. Cats was adapted into a direct-to-video film in 1998, and a feature film adaptation directed by Tom Hooper in 2019. Errr, high-sixes. Hersey also used light in an "architectural manner", with fast-changing configurations to spotlight different performers in rapid succession. Andrew Lloyd Webber began composing the songs in late 1977 and premiered the compositions at the Sydmonton Festival in 1980. [13] After much persuasion, Nunn came on board and was joined by his RSC colleagues, choreographer Gillian Lynne and set and costume designer John Napier. But everyone is already buzzing about this feature. Eventually, the Broadway version of the song was rewritten to allow Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer to once again sing their own song as full characters.[395]. "With a frightful burst of fireworks the Chinks they swarmed aboard!" "[316], Ultimately, critics are polarized on whether Cats has changed musical theatre for the better or for the worse. [8], Lloyd Webber thus decided to turn Practical Cats into a musical, co-produced by Mackintosh and the Really Useful Group's Brian Brolly.[10]. The former was written by Nunn and Stilgoe and was modelled after an unpublished poem by Eliot titled "Pollicle Dogs and Jellicle Cats", while the latter was written by Nunn based on another Eliot poem titled "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". He later recalled that if Cats had been a commercial failure, it would have left him in financial ruin. [16] Lynne considered the 13-minute "Jellicle Ball" dance to be the crux of the show, noting that in order to work as a dance-driven musical, Cats "had to succeed there or die". Eliot, the author of Old Possums Book of Practical Cats, the book of poems in which the Musical “Cats” is based, is obviously quite knowledgeable of bible scripture and salvation … This category mainly divides two ways: Male / Female cats, or Song / Chorus cats, whether or not they have a named song. Jennyanydots finishes her song and greets the other cats, but is interrupted. According to musicologist Jessica Sternfeld, such numbers are usually relegated to the prologue and nothing more, as seen in "Another Op'nin', Another Show" from Kiss Me, Kate and "Tradition" from Fiddler on the Roof. [342] Moreover, the musical led to a surge in the sales of Eliot's book. [282], Royal Caribbean International announced in April 2014 that a full-length production of Cats will be performed regularly for guests aboard the cruise ship Oasis of the Seas. [84] These feline traits were incorporated into the movement and choreography so as to create an "anthropomorphic illusion". [249], Besides Japan, Cats is also produced regularly in other parts of Asia. [5] In association with 'The Really Useful Group', 3500 children from across Europe joined together with a virtual choir of many international Stagecoach students, and produced the largest production of the musical yet. Cats by country‎ (4 C, 1 P) C Cat fancy‎ (4 C, 2 P) Cat types‎ (4 C, 1 P) Cats in popular culture‎ (7 C, 53 P) F Felinology‎ (3 C, 6 P) Cat food brands‎ (27 P) H Cat health‎ (4 C, 19 P) I Individual cats‎ (3 C, 82 P) L Lists of cats‎ (13 P) O Cat … Act II — Why Will the Summer Day Delay — When Will Time Flow Away? Cats Cats au Roma Theatre à Varsovie en 2007. Victoria is the protagonist of the 2019 Cats movie. All the cats back away from her in fear and disgust and explain her unfortunate state ("Grizabella: The Glamour Cat"). This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total. Characters who are featured singers and/or dancers: Other characters who have appeared in multiple notable productions include: Notable replacements from the musical's West End and Broadway runs: Cats is completely told through music with no dialogue in between the songs,[74] although there are occasions when the music accompanies spoken verse. Workshop credits: Suz in Murder at the Gates; Mary in Guys Fawkes the Musical… An unusual musical in terms of its construction, the overture incorporates a fugue and there are occasions when the music accompanies spoken verse. Such a rapid familiarity and identification of purpose can be achieved through pastiche. [300], There were a few lukewarm reviews, most notably from Irving Wardle of The Times. [198] Cats made its French debut at the Théâtre de Paris from February 1989 to April 1990,[122] with an original cast that included Gilles Ramade as Old Deuteronomy. Despite its unusual premise that deterred investors initially, the musical turned out to be an unprecedented commercial success, with a worldwide gross of US$3.5 billion by 2012. [155] In between its limited West End runs, the musical returned to the Blackpool Opera House Theatre in 2015, this time starring Jane McDonald as Grizabella. "All cats are jellicles, fundamentally," Andrew Lloyd Weber said in an interview around the time of the musical's release. [256] A touring company visited Asia again between 2007 and 2010, including stops in Taiwan,[206] Macau, and Thailand in 2007;[258] South Korea from 2007 to 2008;[259] China in 2008;[260] Singapore and Hong Kong in 2009 (with Delia Hannah playing Grizabella);[240][261][262] and Manila in 2010 (with Lea Salonga as Grizabella). [176] The Vienna production also performed limited runs at the Komische Oper Berlin in East Germany in 1987,[177] and at the Moscow Operetta Theatre in the Soviet Union in 1988. Wardle enjoyed Lloyd Webber's compositions but found the visual spectacle too overwhelming. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. As with the contrasting music and dance styles, the costumes and make-up are used to bring out each character's distinct personality. Cats is a sung-through musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on the 1939 poetry collection Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot. [10] Along with this Andrew Lloyd Webber would be rewriting a number of songs from the musical. "[328] Thanks to its easily accessible spectacle, the original Broadway production also tapped into the then-burgeoning tourist boom in New York and its audience shifted increasingly towards foreign visitors in its later years. Cats on the other hand features four Jellicle-defining songs: "Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats", "The Naming of Cats", "The Jellicle Ball" and "The Ad-Dressing of Cats". She gave her blessing for the songs to be adapted into a musical stage play. [119] It overtook the first national tour of Oklahoma! Culture Wikia is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. [297], The original London production received mostly rave reviews, with critics hailing it as a watershed moment in British musical theatre. The cast for this tour included Marti Webb as Grizabella, Rosemarie Ford as Bombalurina and John Partridge as Alonzo. For them, Cats is a soulless money machine."[307]. [27] Most of the original creative team remained, with Martin Levan replacing Jacob as the sound designer and Stanley Lebowsky replacing Rabinowitz as music director. [301], The reviews for the 2014 and 2015 London revivals were positive as well, with critics giving both productions an average of 4 out of 5 stars. Former Royal Ballet principal dancer Wayne Sleep was offered the part of Mr. Mistoffelees after Lloyd Webber and Mackintosh attended a performance by his dance troupe, one of the many dance showcases they saw in preparation for the musical. cats." In 1997, The New York Times credited the regional and touring productions of Cats with "almost single-handedly reviv[ing] the sagging road business". Cats opened to positive reviews at the New London Theatre in the West End in 1981 and then to mixed reviews at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway in 1982. [248] A New Zealand national tour played across 16 cities in 2019, with a reimagined setting in a derelict Victorian theatre that was inspired by post-earthquake Christchurch. [citation needed], Cats is a commercial blockbuster. [83] Making Lynne's job more challenging was the fact that the music in Cats is unceasing and the majority of the cast remains on-stage throughout nearly the entire show. [101] Cats held the record as London's longest-running musical from 1989, when it surpassed Jesus Christ Superstar,[102] until 8 October 2006, when it was surpassed by Les Misérables. [174][181] It also led to a "construction boom" in Germany as new theatrical venues such as the Schmidt Theater were enacted all around the country. Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat number as Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", is brought to the stage ("Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town"). [188][189] Mehr-Entertainment launched a separate tour of Cats that ran from December 2010 to June 2013, performing in a travelling purpose-built tent theatre. Despite mixed reviews when Cats opened in New York in 1982, critics agreed that it was innovative and visually spectacular in ways that Broadway had never seen before. [16] The original London production of Cats was also the first known instance in which an entire cast was individually outfitted with radio microphones. Remember, not all of us love the same music styles and certainly not all cats will respond positively to a recent study published in the journal, Applied Animal Behavioral Sciences. This score contains several small cuts, transpositions, additions, reassignment of vocal lines, and a reduced orchestration. [34] Instead of a conventional proscenium, the theatre was quasi-in-the-round with a central revolving stage. [276] Act I — When Cats Are Maddened by the Midnight Dance. He is a wise old cat who "has lived many lives" and is tasked with choosing which Jellicle will go to the Heaviside Layer every year. [82][85], The original staging of Cats at the New London Theatre was considered revolutionary[86] and "one of the first truly immersive theatrical experiences". [154] The production ran through 2014 before transferring to the West End. Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous Growltiger, the Terror of the Thames ("Growltiger's Last Stand"). Different cats have different types of color patterns, coat patterns, head shape, ear folds, bobbed tails, length of hair, and a few are hairless and tailless too. [9][14] Nunn initially envisioned Practical Cats as a chamber piece for five actors and two pianos, which he felt would reflect "Eliot's charming, slightly offbeat, mildly satiric view of late-1930s London". Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! The US tour continues to use the original Broadway version of the score, including the Italian aria and material cut from newer versions. The original lyrics, taken directly from the Eliot poem it is based on, included the ethnic slur "Chinks" and this was later replaced with the word "Siamese". Cats opened new regional, touring and international markets that the industry continues to capitalise on. [205][206][207] The Gothenburg opera house staged a production with a Swedish-language script by Ingela Forsman; this version was reimagined to take place in an abandoned fairground and played from September 2006 to February 2007. Produced by Tim O'Connor, the production was performed at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. The character's role has been greatly expanded from her stage counterpart. T.S. [202] This Danish production was translated by Adam Price and was one of the largest theatrical productions ever mounted in the country at the time with 100 performers, musicians and stagehands. Template:Refimprove section Cats has undergone several revisions since its London and subsequent Broadway openings. ("Magical Mr. Mistoffelees"). Other countries that the musical has been performed in include South Africa (2001–2002),[252] Lebanon (2002),[277] Qatar (2003, 2017),[278][279] Turkey (2013),[280] Israel (2014),[281] and the United Arab Emirates (2017). [80][92] In the original Broadway production, catwalks were built to connect the stage to the boxes and balcony so as to give the cast access to the entire auditorium during the show. [122] Following a six-month engagement in Blackpool that broke the theatre's box office record and was seen by around 450,000 people,[143] the production moved to the Edinburgh Playhouse for three months, before closing in May 1990 after another two months at the Point Theatre in Dublin. Lloyd Webber began setting Eliot's poems to music in 1977, and the compositions were first presented as a song cycle in 1980. [396][397] The 2015 Australian tour and 2015 Paris production also used the new version of the character; however, the 2016 Broadway revival did not. [298] Michael Billington of The Guardian lauded Cats as "an exhilarating piece of total theatre". International tours in the early to late 2000s included stops in Sweden, Norway,[220] Finland,[221] Greece,[189] Portugal,[222] Germany,[223] and Italy. He was also very impressed by Lloyd Webber's fitting compositions, Napier's environmental set, Lynne's effective and at times brilliant choreography, and Nunn's "dazzling staging" that makes use of the entire auditorium. The audience responds to the musical differences, given an initial security provided by the familiarity of recognizable, underlying stylistic generalities. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Unless you've been living under a rock for the past few months, you're probably familiar with Cats … It tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make the "Jellicle choice," deciding which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life. [307] The musical became a cultural phenomenon and has had a profound influence on the medium. Macavity holds his own for a time, but as the rest of the tribe begin to gang up and surround him, he shorts out the stage lights and escapes in the resulting confusion. The movie is based on the Broadway hit musical, CATS written by Andrew Lloyd Webber. He is a large old Cat that "has lived many lives" and "buried nine wives (And more, I am tempted to say—ninety-nine)". "[307], The 2016 Broadway revival received a similarly mixed review by Charles Isherwood of The New York Times. He attributed much of this "wondrous spectacle" to Nunn's direction, Napier's set and costume designs, as well as the talented cast. Due to the rhythmic nature of Eliot's work, there had been previous attempts before Cats at setting his poems to music, though none of these attempts had been met with much critical or commercial success. It moved to Montreal two years later and then toured other parts of Canada. The 2015 Australian Tour and 2015 Paris productions also used the new Tugger; however, the 2016 Broadway revival does not. [120][194] Jorma Uotinen directed and choreographed a Finnish production at the Helsinki City Theatre that ran for over two years from September 1986 to December 1988, and featured Monica Aspelund as Grizabella, Heikki Kinnunen as Gus, and Kristiina Elstelä as Jennyanydots/Griddlebone. [83], Lynne choreographed the original London production with a dance crew consisting of her assistant Lindsay Dolan, the dance captain Jo-Anne Robinson, and cast members Finola Hughes and John Thornton. [26] The licensed version of Cats includes both songs, giving individual companies a choice as to which to include. [96][393] This new version was eventually incorporated into all other productions of Cats. [109] The Broadway revival opened on 31 July 2016 at the Neil Simon Theatre. After much back-and-forth, the agency presented a minimalist poster consisting of a pair of yellow feline eyes (with dancing silhouettes for the pupils) set against a black backdrop. Script error: No such module "citation/CS1". It did this by adopting — and then aggressively promoting — a single recognisable image (the cat's-eyes logo) as the face of the show. Early advertisements for the musical did not feature traditional pull quotes (despite many positive reviews) or any of the cast, instead branding the show itself as the star. [316][326], Beyond the megamusical, Cats also led the Broadway trend for musicals aimed at families and tourists, which later took the form of the Disney Theatrical Productions and jukebox musicals. It was credited with revitalising the then-stagnant musical genre in Australia. [296] In 2012, the New York Post reported that the musical's grosses had reached $3.5 billion. ", "The Jellicles of Broadway's Cats Welome Their New Grizabella Today", "Stage Review: 'Cats' Approaches Purrfection", "Nine Lives and Three Decades Later, Cats National Tour Purrs Its Way Across U.S. With New Dates", "Flying High ** Wilson native is Broadway's newest Wicked Witch of the West ** 'Wicked' on Broadway", "CATS regresa a Broadway, tras 16 años de haber cerrado el telón", "Gerardo Quiroz graduates with premiere of Cats", "El musical 'Cats' concluirá su temporada en el DF", "Musical "cats" volverá este 2015 con el mismo elenco", "Cats, teatro mexicano con talla de Broadway", "Rocío Banquells cumple su sueño de participar en 'Cats, "Landeta asegura que elenco de Cats supera al de 1991", "Yuri dará vida a Grizabella en el musical Cats", "El musical Cats llega a sus 200 representaciones", "A purr-fect role... but I'm turning into a cat! 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