It is native to South Asia. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. It is a long (1-4 meters, or 3-13 feet), soft, and shiny fiber. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. Jute is in great demand because of the cheapness, softness, strength, length, lustre and uniformity of its fibre. The fibres lie beneath the bark around the woody core or ‘hurd’. It also has a high cash value. But it Because of its colours and high cash value, Jute is known as a golden fibre. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. Jute fibre … Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. Jute is a golden fibre as well as a major cash crop of Bangladesh. Fibre Crop: Type # 2. Jute is a rain-fed crop [meaning less irrigated water from freshwater sources are used] Jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity [to grow] Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. New questions in Geography. In India the most important bast fibre crops are Jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis), Jute plays a very important role in the socio-economic activities of the Bangladesh. The production is concentrated in India and Bangladesh. F) Jute Fibre Extraction On average, jute yields four times more fibre per acre than flax. After cotton, jute is the most important vegetable fibre in … To extract the fibre, the jute bundles are submersed in water and left for a few days until the fibres come loose and are ready for stripping from the stalk, then washed and dried. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. The harvest occurs between June and September depending upon when the seeds were sown. jute fabric. New questions in Social Sciences. the three most notable examples include: Cotton Cotton is the most popular and widely used fibre crop. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. It is a kind of fiber. Jute has been dominating the Indian scene for long, with records of its usage during Mughal rule in the country. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Jute is a rainy season crop, sown between March and May, depending on rainfall and the type of land. Jute Cultivation in India: Conditions, Method, Production and Distribution! Corchorus plants require a tropical climate with high humidity and temperature, which is why the majority of jute cultivation is located in India and Bangladesh. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Since 1942 many countries have begun research studies on substitute fibres. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. Jute fabric is made out of the vegetable fiber jute, which is known as ‘the golden fiber‘. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. hii guys good morning ️what's going on ️ ️ ️ Jute cultivation actually enhances soil fertility for future crops; The woody core of the jute plant (called hurd) has the potential to meet the majority of the world’s wood needs. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. The jute fibre is a ligno-cellulose fibre that is partially a textile fibre and partially wood. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Experimental use of jute fibre in commercial papermaking has proved moderately successful and may eventually supplement pine and spruce as papermaking fibres. 11Th … Because the soil origin, composition, & colour do not affect Kenaf. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. This natural fibre earns a lot of foreign currency by its export and its various products. From the Jute, various lifestyle products are being produced and diversified in to various forms, due to R&D support and also due the support by Govt Organisations. Jute (Corchorus sp. Jute is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fibre. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. Jute is a rain-fed crop and its cultivation is concentrated in Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. Which one of the following is not a fibre crop Cotton Rubber Jute Hemp 2 See answers Rashika124 Rashika124 Rubber is not a fiber hope it will help you shashank102183 shashank102183 Answer: Peas is answer of this question . Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. About Jute. These Fibres are used to make things such as cloth, rope, or paper. India and Bangladesh produce the greatest amounts of Jute in the world, and global production is estimated at more than 3.3 million tones each year. Jute: a. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low, running water. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. D) Cultivation of Jute This is a fibre crop that you will not be able to grow in European back gardens as jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity. Fibre crops are crops grown for Fibres. jute is a fibre crop. 1st stWeeding and thinning 1 Week of April to 4th week of April (15 DAS) In row crop, weeds between rows can be smothered by a wheel hoe fitted with scrappers or … ‘The golden fiber’ is derived from plants in the Chorchorus genus. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics.Jute fibre is 100% biodegradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. The plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis from which the fibre is obtained, are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. Cultivation of Jute. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. c. Varieties: JRC-321 (Sonali), JRC-212 (Sabuj sona), JRC 7447 (Shyamli), D154, Hybrid C (Padma), KC1 (joydev) etc. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. India is the largest Jute producing country in the world, with annual production estimated at more 1.968 million tones. India, in particular, has a long tryst with this wondrous crop. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. Explanation: because the jute contains fibrey material. A great advantage of jute fibre is that, it is environment friendly natural fibre. The jute fibre comes from the stem and ribbon (outer skin) of the jute plant. Jute fiber is an extremely affordable crop to cultivate. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. It was also considered “the wonder crop,” until synthetic fibres entered the market and quickly replaced it. #Jute is an incredible fibre: #sustainable, affordable, fast … Raw jute was originally considered as a … Crop Calendar for Jute and Allied Fibres 2013 Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre, Barrackpore, Kolkata, 700120 Page 2 3. It is essential for almost every country. Hence, the Golden Fibre Revolution in India is related to jute production. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. It is better adapted to poor soils & soil alkalinity than jute. Underutilised at the moment, jute hurd could play a key role in the reduction of deforestation. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Diseases of Jute and allied fibre crops and their management INTRODUCTION Bast fibres are basically stem/bark fibres composed of sclerenchyma cells united together into small or large strands or bundles, arranged in the form of layer(s). Introduction. Jute is an annual herb also known as Tossa Jute. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. Jute is sown and harvested annually (the White Jute crop usually matures in July, and the Tossa crop slightly later). It is the cheapest fibre procured from the skin of the plant’s stem. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. Kenaf has received the greatest attention because of its greater adaptability & ease of handling than allied fibre … The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. The fibres are first extracted by retting. Fibre and partially wood entered the market and quickly replaced it and Andhra Pradesh ) of is jute a fibre crop., lustre and uniformity of its usage during Mughal rule in the,. 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