(f) Rom. 4:11 with Col. 2:11, 12. (g) Isa. 2:8, 9; Tit. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ through the Spirit,(m) who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth:(n) so also, are all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word. 1:20; Acts 17:24; Ps. 4:3, 6, 16, 17, 23, 24; Heb. 12:14.II. knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature; so as nothing is to 8:1; Isa. 20:7; Jer. (n)(k) Heb. 7:15, 18; Ps. 2:13, 14.II. (h) Mark 14:23; I Cor. 3:18; I Tim. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness. (f) Col. 2:14, 16, 17; Dan. 1:7. 3:5.III. 51:8, 10, 12; Rev. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin;(h) and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;(i) yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil. 2:6; Rom. 15:21, 22, 23.II. 4:9, 10; Deut. 11:4; Heb. 3:9, 13, 14; Rom. 7:18, 23; Phil. The Father is of none, neither begotten, nor proceeding: the Son is eternally begotten of the Father: the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the … (f) Hosea 14:2, 4; Rom. (o) II Sam. (b) II Thess. The Westminster Confession of Faith appears to explicitly state that God is the author of sin. and who will by no means clear the guilty. (f) Gen. 1:26; Col. 3:10; Eph. 8:34; Heb. 5:2. Malachi 3:6. (d)(a) Job 8:13, 14; Mic. 88 throughout; Isa. 11:32.Chapter XVIII.Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation.I. 6:16, 17, 18.II. 6:6; Eph. 8:30. There is but one only living and true God, who is infinite in being and perfection, 2:19, 20; Jude ver. 2:13. 65:2. 8:34. 10:6, 7.III. 12:21, 22, 23 with Luke 16:25, 26; Rev. 8:23, 24, 25. 3:22, 24, 25, 27, 28; Tit. 33:4. 13:1, 2, 4. for his won glory, most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness 6:11; Acts 20:32; Phil. 1:20, 21, 24; Prov. (k) Gen. 2:17; Gen. 3:8, 9, 10, 11, 23. 2:19; Eph. 51:5; Gen. 5:3; Job 14:4, Job 15:14.IV. 107 throughout; Esther 9:22. (d) I Pet. (l)(k) Rom. (s) But, because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them,(t) therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come,(u) that the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship Him in an acceptable manner;(w) and, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, may have hope. 8:28; Ps. 3:16. 5:2, 3, 6; Ps. (c) Acts 10:43; Gal. Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. (f) Heb. (h) Rom. 23.IV. 4:1, 2; Rom. (a)(a) Matt. (d) Exod. (q)(p) II Pet. 6:6, 7; Job 1:5; II Sam. (w)(s) Rom. The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed His ministers to declare His word of institution to the people; to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take and break the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants;(e) but to none who are not then present in the congregation. 3:10.Chapter XXXI.Of Synods and Councils.I. 19:8, 9, 10, 11; II Chron. (b)(b) Matt. 2:11.III. 1:6, 7, 8.Chapter XI.Of Justification.I. 1:11; Ps. (e) Rom. (n)(a) John 5:26. (w) Col. 1:10; Gal. 13:25; Ezra 10:5.III. 12:7, 8, 9; Ps. (e) All which were common also to believers under the law. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. 4:15, 16; John 4:24, with Luke 24:39. 1:11. (b) Eph. (g) Rom. 33:10, 11. 2:2, 14, 15, 20; Rev. 50:10. 7:26; John 1:14. 49:23; Zech. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation divers ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving of it, by falling into some special sin, which woundeth the conscience and grieveth the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation, by God’s withdrawing the light of His countenance, and suffering even such as fear Him to walk in darkness and to have no light:(p) yet are they never so utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart, and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may, in due time, be revived;(q) and by the which, in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair. 9:2; Matt. 3:21. 5:1, 5, 11, 13; II John ver. 20:8; Exod. (f)(d) Heb. (o)(n) I Cor. 3:11. (s) Isa. (c) I John 2:3; I John 3:14, 18, 19, 21, 24; I John 5:13. 6:15; Rom. 3:27.IV. (f) Mark 16:15, 16; John 3:16; Rom. (b)(a) Deut. (l) Rom. (f) But, under the new testament, the liberty of Christians is further enlarged, in their freedom from the yoke of the ceremonial law, to which the Jewish Church was subjected;(g) and in greater boldness of access to the throne of grace,(h) and in fuller communications of the free Spirit of God, than believers under the law did ordinarily partake of. 3:31. 16:4; Rom. 5:12; II Thess. 130:4; I John 1:6, 7.IV. 8:13. After nearly four centuries, the Westminster Confession of Faith still influences millions of Christians today because the truths from God’s Word that the Confession re-affirms are life-changing truths. The Lord Jesus, as King and Head of His Church, hath therein appointed a government, in the hand of Church officers, distinct from the civil magistrate. 1:21. 10:5; Rom. 2:13; Phil. 23:23.Chapter XVII.Of the Perseverance of the Saints.I. 20:8, 10, 11; Isa. 5:1; Acts 15:10, 11. 1 Thess. 13:3; Isa. 1:14.Chapter XIII.Of Sanctification.I. 26:37, 38; Luke 22:44; Matt. 22:7, 8, 9, 10, 11.IV. (x) Neh. (h) And particular Churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the Gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and public worship performed more or less purely in them. (g) Gal. (g)(e) Ezek. 24.Chapter X.Of Effectual Calling.I. 6:3, 4. 3:7; Acts 10:2. (p) Deut. (c) Matt. 3:21.Chapter XXXIII.Of the Last Judgment.I. (p) And, for their publishing of such opinions, or maintaining of such practices, as are contrary to the light of nature, or to the known principles of Christianity, whether concerning faith, worship, or conversation; or, to the power of godliness; or, such erroneous opinions or practices, as either in their own nature, or in the manner of publishing or maintaining them, are destructive to the external peace and order which Christ hath established in the Church, they may lawfully be called to account, and proceeded against by the censures of the Church,(q) and by the power of the civil magistrate. 20:19, 20, 21.V. (e) John 14:6; I Tim. (o) James 1:23, 24, 25; Rom. (i) I Pet. 4:6. 2:7.IV. 29:13; I Pet. (e) I Cor. For then shall the righteous go into everlasting life, and receive that fulness of joy and refreshing, which shall come from the presence of the Lord: but the wicked who know not God, and obey not the Gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power. 28:19; I Cor. 7:36, 37, 38; Gen. 24:57, 58. 8. 12:13.II. 32:5, 6. 29, 30 chaps. (d) I Cor. The visible Church, which is also catholic or universal under the Gospel (not confined to one nation as before under the law), consists of all those throughout the world that profess the true religion;(b) and of their children:(c) and is the kingdom of the Lord Jesus Christ,(d) the house and family of God,(e) out of which there is no ordinary possibility of salvation. 2:20; Acts 15:11.III. 8:10. (f) Gal. (m) Heb. (i) I Kings 8:27; Jer. Marriage was ordained for the mutual help of husband and wife,(b) for the increase of mankind with a legitimate issue, and of the Church with an holy seed;(c) and for preventing of uncleanness. (y) Gal. 55:4, 5; I Cor. 13:20, 21; II Cor. (d) Prov. (o) I Cor. 15:13; Eph. 1:18; Rom. (i) Eph. 14:6, 9, 11, 12, 24, 27, 28. (e) John 4:23, 24. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation:(d) so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,(e) and dead in sin,(f) is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto. (g) Luke 13:3, 5; Acts 17:30, 31.IV. (n) Exod. (d) Rom. (b) Luke 24:47; Mark 1:15; Acts 20:21.II. 3:3, 6. (n) II Kings 6:6; Dan. 12:36. (g)(f) Col. 1:18, 19; I Cor. The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man’s salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men. (c) Acts 15:2, 4, 22, 23, 25.III. (p) John 1:14, 18. (r) Gal. 5:16. 24:1. 3:14, and I Tim. (q) I John 2:1, 2; Rom. 8:1. 13:4; Matt. (f)(b) I Cor. 45:7, with Heb. 147:5. 5:12, 19; Gal. The confession was completed in 1646 and presented to Parliament, which approved it after some revisions in June 1648. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits, The Westminster Confession of Faith (1647). 6, 7; I Pet. (r) Luke 17:10. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth. (p)(o) Exod. 16:1, 2; Acts 20:7. (m) Rom. 9:32, 33; I Sam. 1:9; Tit. 15:12, 13, 16; Dan. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in Scripture by the name of a Testament, in reference to the death of Jesus Christ the Testator, and to the everlasting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed. 36:26. upon them, whatsoever himself pleaseth. neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternall begotten of the Father; the Holy (c) And yet, their neglect of them is more sinful, and displeasing unto God. 11:33; Heb. God, the supreme Lord and King of all the world, hath ordained civil magistrates, to be, under Him, over the people, for His own glory, and the public good: and, to this end, hath armed them with the power of the sword, for the defence and encouragement of them that are good, and for the punishment of evil doers. 8:19, 20. (s) Heb. 11:6. (p)(n) Luke 7:30 with Exod. KingsII. (h) II Cor. 12:10; Acts 11:18. 19:9; Rom. 4:4. 7:23. 2:3. 13:19; Heb. From our side of it, however, each individual event that occurs in our observable and measurable world, open to verification and analysis, can properly be spoken of as having been planned and purposed and even decreed by God. 4:30, 31; Ps. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:Of the Old Testament:GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuthI. God, the Confession is at pains to emphasise, has one purpose, one plan. 1:17. 6:2; I John 2:3, 4, 7, 8. 2:16; Gal. KingsI. (o) Matt. (f) Heb. (i)(h) Acts 2:23. (p) II Sam. a most pure spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions, immutable, immense, (p) Isa. 2:10, 11, 12. (b) Matt. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God. 7:9; Rom. 18:17, 18; John 20:21, 22, 23; II Cor. What do the Scriptures principally teach? 2:8. (h) Matt. 1 John 5:9. 3:16, 17; Matt. (d) I Tim. From everlasting to everlasting, thou art God. 6:17; Rom. 6:12; I John 1:7, 9; I John 2:1, 2. 34:7.II. 12:2.Chapter XV.Of Repentance unto Life.I. are all things; and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or (i)(g) I Thess. (f) Deut. (m) Isa. 2:14; I Thess. 10:7; Ps. 5:23, 27, 32; Col. 1:18.II. 9:12, 15.VI. (m) I Cor. 1:3, 5, 10, 11; Isa. (n)(k) Exod. 14:23; Isa. (k) Heb. (m) So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion. 4:30. 2:11, 12; II Cor. (x) Deut. 7:6.Chapter XXX.Of Church Censures.I. (i) The man may not marry any of his wife’s kindred nearer in blood than he may of his own; nor the woman of her husband’s kindred nearer in blood than of her own. 2:1, 2; John 17:20; II Sam. 15:43; Phil. 4:25, 35. 42:8; I Tim. 4:22, 23, 24; Heb. 14:13. (c) Rom. (n) Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man. (g) Rom. 8:15, 32; II Cor. 4:24, 25, 26. (i) Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command, not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God,(k) and had dominion over the creatures. 12:13. 11:4. (q) John 15:26; Gal. In this sacrament, Christ is not offered up to His Father; nor any real sacrifice made at all for remission of sins of the quick or dead;(b) but only a commemoration of that one offering up of Himself, by Himself, upon the cross, once for all: and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same:(c) so that the Popish sacrifice of the mass (as they call it) is most abominably injurious to Christ’s one, only sacrifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of His elect. 2:9. 1:10; John 10:28, 29; I John 3:9; I Pet. 1:25. (d)(d) Acts 15:15, 19, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31; Acts 16:4; Matt. 9:22, 25, 26, 28. (o)(m) Luke 18:15, 16, and Acts 2:38, 39 and John 3:3, 5 and I John 5:12 & Rom. The first covenant made with man was a covenant of works,(b) wherein life was promised to Adam, and in him to his posterity,(c) upon condition of perfect and personal obedience. (l) Acts 15:18; Ezek. (s) James 1:13, 14, 17; I John 2:16; Ps. 13:14. 3:10 to 19.III. 6:14, 15, 16. 36:31; Isa. (a)(a) Eph. (q) In which respects, Popish monastical vows of perpetual single life, professed poverty, and regular obedience, are so far from being degrees of higher perfection, that they are superstitious and sinful snares, in which no Christian may entangle himself. 6:11, 12; Heb. 1:26. (l) John 6:37; Ezek. (l) I Cor. 5:23. (k) Eph. 30:22; Ps. (f)(f) Gen. 17:10; Matt. 119:32. 22:1 to 29; Gen. 49:10 with I Pet. 64:7; II Tim. It was - this Assembly which also produced the arger and Shorter CatechismsL. The purest Churches under heaven are subject both to mixture and error:(k) and some have so degenerated, as to become no Churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan. 2:5, 6; Heb. (q) Exod. 2:13.V. 5:31, 32. 4:4, 5; Gen. 3:15; Rev. (g)(g) Acts 24:15; John 5:28, 29; I Cor. 6:17; Jude ver. 89:31, 32, 33; Ps. ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesThe Song of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiOf the New Testament:The Gospels according toMatthewMarkLukeJohnThe Acts of the ApostlesPaul’s EpistlesTo the RomansCorinthians I.Corinthians II.GalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossiansThessalonians I.Thessalonians II.To Timothy I.To Timothy II.To TitusTo PhilemonThe Epistle to the HebrewsThe Epistle of JamesThe first and second Epistles of PeterThe first, second, and third Epistles of JohnThe Epistle of JudeThe Revelation of JohnAll which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life. 11:5. 8:18; Ps. 43:3, 4, 5, 14.Chapter VI.Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof.I. The Westminster Confession of Faith Page 2 The Westminster Confession of Faith was the work of the Assembly of divines which was called together by Parliament and met in London, at Westminster Abbey, during the years 16431648. 32:25, 26, 31; II Sam. It was produced by the Westminster Assembly, which was called together by the Long Parliament in 1643, during the English Civil War, and met regularly in Westminster Abbey until 1649. 40:13, 14, 15, 16, 17; Job. (n)(k) Acts 27:31, 44; Isa. (m)(i) II Cor. 51:8, 12; Isa. 4:1, 2, 3; Col. 6:13 with Neh. 62:8; Josh. 5:5, 6. 2:17, 22, 26; Gal. 3:18; II Cor. 2:13; Rom. 5:4, 5. 4; I Pet. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard to the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New. (y) Ps. 3:9. 15:3; Ps. After God had made all other creatures, He created man, male and female,(d) with reasonable and immortal souls,(e) endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after His own image;(f) having the law of God written in their hearts,(g) and power to fulfil it:(h) and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto change. 1:11; Ps. (m)(m) Gal. 1:22. (k) Heb. 66:13, 14.VI. 6:22, 23.II. 66:13, 14; Ps. (a)(a) Isa. (c) I Cor. (d) On the third day He arose from the dead,(e) with the same body in which He suffered,(f) with which also he ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of His Father,(g) making intercession,(h) and shall return to judge men and angels at the end of the world. 1:2; John 1:2, 3; Gen. 1:2; Job. 9:20; Ps. (n) Rom. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good, and well pleasing to God;(b) but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it. 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