Flowers appear in the summer. During winter the beautiful green leaves of terminalia catappa turn to red. Although root decoction of the related species variants has been reported to contain active compound Ochnaflavone- a derivative of isoflavone-this chemical’s presence in O. squarrosa was far from confirmed. Flowers are greenish white, occurs in a large cluster, extreme scented. Flowers on the upper part of the inflorescence are male and those are on the lower part are bisexual. It turns to black when ripe. Padmazon Shoping Center. It is an illegitimate synonym of 0. jabotapita L. 1753, the lectotype of Ochna (Robson, 1962). Species : Ochna squarrosa L., Sp.Pl. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. The root is used as a cathartic for treating worms and as a medicine for treating lymphatic disorders. I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ochna. In rural areas, it can be seen standing in the water like Koronja . For this, there will be some unwanted mistakes. Linnaeus (1762), when restricting the use of the name O. jabotapita for neotropical plants, used the name 0. squarrosa for those plants from Ochna squarrosa L. still consisted of three distinct elements which Lamarck (Encycl. Fish poison is also prepared from its, Chatim or Devil's tree ( Alstonia scholaris , family: Apocynaceae) is a much branched tall tree. Another report showed that the anti-inflammatory activity of the hexane extract of Alchornea cordifolia was better than indomethacin in an in vivo study [ 16 ]. Missouri Botanical Garden. In the Himalayas it has been seen at an altitude of 5000 feet. Show abstract. It can grow everywhere in Bangladesh. Tonic is prepared from leaves and roots. Common names: Heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma guloncho. Fruit capsules, woody valves. Leaves are simple, green, alternate, cordate, 6-15 cm long and 5-13 cm wide. The good looking tree  is found in South and Southeast Asia. The plant does not reach a height of more than 70 cm. Its roots are long, curved and twisted. Lamarck cited 0. squarrosa L., Fl. Ochna jabotapita. We are trying to introduce the flora of Bangladesh in a pack from the naturalist view, not from the eye of plant-expert. In the winter Its bark has tannin which is useful for heart diseases. Fruit a capsule, 4-8-seeded. Leaves are narrow, obovate, 10-18 cm long and 4-5 cm wide; shiny above, pale beneath. It blooms in late Autumn (Sep-Oct). When flowers appear (in the spring) the plant looks splendid. Although root decoction of the related species However, it is also planted in the park, botanical gardens as an ornamental tree. Posts. reported be used as a herbal remedy by the Mijikenda community traditional medicinal practitioners. These are multilobbed or trilobbed, alternate, rough in both sides, 5-12 cm long, petioled, c, Shegun or Teak ( Tectona grandis , family : Verbenaceae) is a lofty deciduous slow growing tree up to 25-30 m of height with few branches at the top and fluted trunk at the base. These tribals live in Kunkuri, Jashpur, Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district. Though a rachis holds 4-7 plates usually, sometimes 8. The children play cooking games with these fruits as fake Cauliflower. Accessed: 22 October 2017. Leaves are used to stop menstrual disorder. It is a small shrub, grows up to 50 cm tall with thin, dark brown stem. The beautiful tree can be planted by rows on the highway. Bark is stomachic. Both, the 'Bengal Plants' and the 'Botany of Bihar & Orissa' do not provide KEY to O. squarrosa and O. obtusata. Panicle is seen to be 1-3 feet tall. Bon-tepari or Angular winter cherry, Physalis angu... Hijol, Indian oak, Barringtonia acutangula, Ghora-neem, China berry tree, Melia azedarach, Bilombi or Cucumber tree, Averrhoa bilimbi, Konk-chapa, Mickey Mouse Plant, Ochna squarrosa, Ulot-chondal, Flame lily, Gloriosa superba, Shonalu, Golden shower tree, Cassia fistula, Jarul, Giant crepe-myrtle, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Harjora lota, Veld grape, Cissus quadrangularis, Barun, Three-leaved caper, Crataeva nurvala, Kalokeshi or False daisy, Eclipta prostrata, Kulekhara or Talmakhna, Hygrophila auriculata, Makal or Mahakal, Trichosanthes tricuspidata, Kath-badam, Bengal almond, Terminalia catappa. It is also found in Indian subcontinent, Australia and some countries of South and Southeast Asia. Leaves are used to stop menstrual disorder. Notes . Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. In Bangladesh, the tree is planted in parks and on highways and beside national monuments for its gorgeous fire-red flowers. Thorny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual herbaceous plant that grows as a small bush (as it is branched).Wavy leafs are small ovate to elliptic shape with very short petiole. Ochna squarrosa Kurz Observed by Arun Kumar N at Bannerghatta National Park, Bangalore, Karnataka 560083, India on 11 March 2012 But, as I said these are old lit., we need modern materials, our modern eFI informs there are taxa like - 1) O. gamblei 2) O. serrulata 3) O. kirkii which I do not know. In Sanskrit, it is called Shopto-porni (seven-leaved tree). For this its presence is felt from afar at night. It is a single stem plant having branched at the top. Leaves are large, spreading, glabrous, digitate, leaflets lanceolate, entire, 10-15 cm long; petiole is up to 20 cm long. The name of this genus comes from the Greek word Ochne, used by Homer and meaning wild pear, as the leaves are similar in appearance. Leaves are opposite, broadly elliptic, pointed at the end, 20-70 cm long, green, rough above, yellowish beneath, hairy. Powder of seeds works expectorant and applied to cure cough of children. Sepals 6, arranged in two rows, petal 6, pistils 3. The plant is good for hair care. Small  unisexual  flowers remain inside fig. Common names: Katbadam, Deshi badam, Bengal almond, Indian almond, Tropical almond. Flower blooms in the winter. The fruit is quadrangular, 3 cm. Fruit is elliptical, 4-6 cm long, red when ripe. Effective. Other names: Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha,  Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has forlong been used for treating menstrual complexities. Instead both the books provide difference to O. squarrosa L. and O. pumila Ham. Tinospora cordifolia is used in weakness, tastelessness, rheumatis, Kulekhara or Talmakhna ( Hygrophila auriculata , family: Acanthaceae) is a stout and erect herb with straight and undivided stem. Family Ochnaceae. Schizanthera It is also used to treat sore throats. It was first isolated from Ochna squarrosa Linn, a member of Ochnaceae family, in 1973.. Synthesis It drops all its leafs during the winter and brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring. wheki: wheki (English) Origin & history From Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to New Zealand. 1762. The acetone extract of Ochna pretoriensis was evaluated for antibacterial activity using bioautography and serial microplate dilution methods against four nosocomial bacterial pathogens namely: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Powered by Blogger. Isolation and synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. 2006 Oct 15. Action of Ochna Obtusata. Shinny leaves are alternate, 6-12 cm long, elliptic, sharply serrate. It is found in the hilly areas as well as plain forests and village thickets in Bangladesh. The evergreen tree gets a height of 15-20 m. Its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough. Ochna squarrosa L. = Ochna jabotapita L. Ochna: 1 post by 1 author. It prevents balding and blackens hair. e plant is traditionally used to treat livestock diseases and gastrointestinal infections []. For example, ethyl acetate fraction of Ochna squarrosa L. showed a higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared to diclofenac sodium . I am sorry to say that I gave wrong info regarding Ochna list in Bengal Plants. Article. are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. In the rainy season, white-colored and fragrant flowers cover the entire canopy. What an extensive climber! O. squarrosa Linn. Root—a decoction is used in asthma, tuberculosis and in menstrual disorders. Leaf breaks if you fold. This plant is having thorns and become hard when they mature. Kaat-badam  or  Bengal almond ( Terminalia catappa , family: Combretaceae) is a large deciduous tree with spreading horizontal branches. Flowers are small, pink to red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens. Bark on the stem is as thin as paper. Species of this genus are found in the Old World Tropics, especially in Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands and Asia. For this reason those are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. Ochna[1] is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. Antidiabetic. This deciduous straight tall tree with thorny trunk and spreading crown is also found in tropical regions of Asia. In winter it leaves its leaves completely. Several members of this genus have long been used in folk medicine for treatment of various ailments, such as asthma, dysentery, epilepsy, gastric disorders, menstrual complaints, lumbago, ulcers, as an abortifacient, and as antidote against snake bites. According to ancient Sanskrit scriptures the other names of the plant are Bishala, Mohendro-baruni. Guloncho or Heart-leaved moonseed ( Tinospora cordifolia , family: Menispermaceae) is a deciduous creeper with hard and long stem, climbing other trees or fences. Flowers in axillary whorls. It is a rich source of complex dimers of flavonoids with potential use as templates for the development of therapeutic drugs. Common names: Hijal, Hijangal, Hendol. Male and female flowers bloom separately. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as a synonym (record 22800001) … During the festival of Pohela Boishakh Deciduous ficus religiosa gives reddish new foliage in the spring (March). The name of this genus comes from the Greek word Ochne, used by Homer and meaning wild pear, as the leaves are similar in appearance. They remain on tree like this for a long time. This water-loving tree is found in the wetlands of Bangladesh. Leaves are short petioled, serrated, 7-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, crowded at the end of the branches. It can reach a height up to 60 m. Common names: Shimul, Red silk-cotton, Red cotton tree. Published on the internet. This deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk. Other names:  Keshoraj, Keshoti, Keshkala, Kalokeshori. The plant is cooling and diuretic in cases of h, Makal or Mahakal ( Trichosanthes tricuspidata , family: Cucurbitaceae) is a woody climber with tendril and branches, attaining a height of 10-12 m. The multiangular-branched plant climbs up very far by holding any tree in the forest. Both leaves and thorns remain in upward direction. Though the growth of the plant is very slow. Its roots are long, curved and twisted. Like other countries it is planted as a ommercial tree in Bangladesh. The body of the plant contains alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol, lupeol and essential oils. Fruit is a drupe, brilliant red when ripe. It is also used in cut or bruise. (ed.2) 1:732. Action Bark—digestive tonic. It is found in the tropical Asia, Africa and Australia. The plant is found everywhere in Bangladesh except southern part. Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. Flowers red, numerous, appearing when the tree is bare of leaves, stamens numerous arranged in five outer bundles and one middle bundle. Needless to say, pics used in this site are all original. L eaves, branch, trunk─overall whole tree contains milky latex. It is introduced to Israel and USA. Accepted: TRO: Ochna angolensis I.M.Johnst. is a medicinal Plant of Bangladesh. Seeds smooth, black or grey embedded in long white wool. A new furanoflavone, 5-methoxyfurano(2″,3″:7,8)flavone, is reported from the stems of Ochna squarrosa. Seeds are ovoid (not in the pic). It is a tree of South and Southeast Asia. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. Fruits are cypsela, single-seeded, indehiscent. The study aimed at the determination and evaluation of the biological activities of the plant Ochna thomasiana. Propagation is caused by seeds. Some species, including Ochna integerrima(… Species of this genus are usually called ochnas, bird's-eye bushes or Mickey-mouse plants, a name derived from the shape of the drupelet fruit. 16824764 [Induction of hairy roots and anthraquinone production in Rheum palmatum]. 2006 Sep. 17144464. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. 4: 510-512, 1798) attempted to separate: (i) "Ochna lucida". Genus : OCHNA Family : OCHNACEAE Synonym(s) : ... Use: Decoction of root is used for the treatment of asthma and diabetes. Theme images by Michael Elkan. Aerial roots come out of the stem when the plant grows older. It is originated mainly in South America. Mono and biflavonoids of Ochna integerrima. He stated that this plant These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. [2] Species of this genus are usually called ochnas, bird's-eye bushes or Mickey-mouse plants, a name derived from the shape of the drupelet fruit. Its propagation is caused by s. Ashoth, Ashwatha or   Bodhi tree   ( Ficus religiosa , family: Moraceae) is a gigantic and very aggressive tree. It … It blooms in spring (March-April). Ochna alboserrata Engl. Flowers are small, borne on the large terminal panicle. Wood is white and soft. These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. Ochnaflavone, a secondary plant secondary metabolite of the Biflavonoid family, has been widely investigated in past decades due to its unique ability to mediate biological activities, such as inhibition of phospholipase A2 and lymphocyte proliferation. Oh! The name Ochna nitida has also been applied to Ochna integerrima. Ethnomedicinal survey of tribal area of Raigarh Distt. All these are features of Ochna squarrosa L. of Flora of British India. Outer leaves are longer than the inner ones. Although root decoction of the related speciesvariants has been reported to contain active compound Ochnaflavone- a derivative of isoflavonethischemical’s presence in O. squarrosa was far from confirmed. Nice Your Post,,, Search This Blog. For this reason those. This name is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum (L.) Tiegh.. Defensive components in insect eggs: are anthraquinones produced during egg development? Propagation of the plant is caused by seeds. The vivid yellow-colored and fragrant flowers give a eternal impression to the passers-by. Leaves are simple, 15-25 cm long and 8-15 cm wide, obcordate, alternate or whorled. is is the rst report on the antibacterial potential of this plant against MDR bacteria. Zimbabwe [, ]. The names Ochna lucida and Pleopetalum lucidum have also been applied to Ochna obtusata. Young plant is used in dysentery, cough, plethora, malnutrition and sexu, Hijol or   Indian oak   ( Barringtonia acutangula , family: Lecythidaceae) is a medium-sized evergreen tree, native to riverine Bangladesh. The canopy spreads like an umbrella. Common names:  Pippala, Peepal, Ashwattha Formation o f  l eaves In Ramna Park (Dhaka) a centennial Oshoth tree is the center of attraction of the festival of Pohela Boishakh (Bangla new year) arranged by Chhayanaut. and Plukenet, but specifically excluded the Burmann plant from synonymy. Zeyl. May 2005; Flowers and fruits can be seen together on the same plant and these are seen round the year. Ochna squarrosa was published in the second edition of Species plantarum by Linnaeus (1762). The plant grows into a decorative shrub bearing bright-yellow flowers (Arbonier, 2000, Burkill, 1997). They are bright violet or bluish purple and red, sometimes whitish with soft and minor hair, corolla 2-lipped. Fruits are fig, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when ripe. The help of Corwa, Chamar and Oraon tribes was taken. Kalokeshi or False daisy ( Eclipta prostrata , family: Asteraceae) is an annual erect herb with soft and slender stem, with reddish and hairy stem. 10-13 cm in length. Ochna squarrosa is a medicinal Plant of Bangladesh. (Bhuin-champaa, Bhuumi-champaka (Ochna pumila). Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis. Fruits are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 cm long. Flowers are unisexual, white, borne on head, at the end of long peduncle rising from leaf exil. Ochna squarrosa commonly known as ‘sunari’ or ‘yerra juvvi’ belongs to the family Ochnaceae. Bark is stomachic. Poultice. Siddha/Tamil Chilanti, Sherundi. It can be found on roof or window-shade of a building, in waterside area, on roadside or a huge trunk or stem of a tree. Habitat Assam, Bihar, Orissa and Deccan Peninsula. Leafs are 6 … The reddish sepals hold the young fruits very nicely. View. Digestive. PEST RATING PROFILE Initiating Event: Aonidiella orientalis is frequently intercepted by CDFA. Mature leafs are having dark spot at the center. The tree is highly valued for its superb timber used to make different kinds of furni-ture. Ochna squarrosa L. Ochna squarrosa L. is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum (L.) Tiegh. Inflorescence, growing from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers. Konok Chapa (Ochna squarrosa) is a small growing deciduous plant (or shrub) that can reach in between 5-8 ft in height. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. Emollient. Flowers are small, grey white, clustered on axillary or terminal spike. Leaves are simple, dark green, hairy, linear-lanceolate with serrated edge and pointed tip, opposite. Although root decoction of the related species variants has been reported to contain active compound Ochnaflavone- a derivative of isoflavone- Analgesic. Financial Services imparted with expertise that transcend barriers, Guloncho, Heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia, Sthol-padma, Confederate rose, Hibiscus mutabilis, Kakmachi or Black nightshade, Solanum nigum, Jilapi Babul, Blackbeed tree, Pithecellobium dulce, Bhat, Hill glory bower, clerodendrum viscosum, Lutki, Malabar melastome, Melastoma malabathricum. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ochna&oldid=886584534, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2019, at 05:17. There are many refferences to the fruit in Bangla and Sanskrit literature. the flame of the forest! Seeds are easily germinated. Flowers bloom in April-May. The information is gathered here from the personal notes, collected books and from different websites. Folklore The bitter-tasting bark is a digestive tonic. Bangladesh is a rich land of biodiversity. colicroots) A bitter American herb of the bloodwort family (Haemodoraceae), with small yellow or white flowers in a…. In ethnomedicine, the powdered bark is used as an antimalarial and antihelmentic, while decoctions of the root, leaves or bark are used in dressing wounds. Its roots and attractive fruits are packed with medicinal properties. The 4-merous flowers are grouped in long & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long. It is found beside the roads, in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh. Young fruit is light green in color. Someone is very nice to look at but he/she is useless--writers usually jokingly give examples of this fruit. This attractive fruit is inedible to human. Often cultivated in parks and gardens. Inflorescence is 20-30 cm long, pendulous raceme, flower openning from top to downwards. Root paste is also used for the treatment of malaria. The spiny plant is very popular as a medicinal plant in Bangladesh as well as the Indian subcontinent. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. A pest rating proposal is required to support its pest rating. Shimul or  Red silk-cotton   ( Bombax ceiba , family: Malvaceae) is one of the most common trees that found in Bangladesh. Ochna squarrosa  is a woody shrub or small sized deciduous tree. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. New leaves grow in the beginning of spring. of Chhattisgarh was conducted during July 1998 to September 2000 and 24 medicinal plants were recorded which are used in indigestion. It is also native to South and Southeast Asia. 1 In traditional systems of medicine, it is considered as one of the important drug used in the treatment of various conditions like constipation, ulcers, sores and cancers. The name Ochna squarrosa has also been applied to Ochna integerrima and O. obtusata. Teak is one of the best woods in the world. e plant is also used as a remedy for snakebite and as an infusion to bath children who are restless at night []. Its seeds contain oil, enzymes and sterols. PubMed:Isolation and synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. PubMed:Determination of five anthraquinones in medicinal plants by capillary zone electrophoresis with beta-cyclodextrin addition. Entries with "squarrosa" colicroot: colicroot (English) Origin & history colic + root Noun colicroot (pl. History & Status: Background: Aonidiella orientalis is a highly polyphagous armored scale insect. This is one of the main features of the tree. The size and shape of leaves may vary. Renicarpus – O. sect. About 6000 species of plants are gathered in such a small area of 147570 sq km. Ripe fruits burst. Folk Kanaka Champaa. Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna alternifolia Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna amplexicaulis Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna anceps Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna andamanica Kurz: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna andravinensis Baill. The cup-shaped calyx is light green in color. Leaves are lanceolate, subsessile, acute at both ends with long whitish hairs, dense with straight and stout thorns that grow from each node. Some species, including Ochna integerrima (yellow Mai flower) and O. serrulata (bird's eye plant), are cultivated as decorative plants. The tree with nice canopy is planted in avenues and gardens as ornamental tree in Bangladesh. There's nothing here! T h e tree is originally found in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand. 6 mm long. Ochna – O. sect. In this study, the plant extracts were screened 1 and Two new furanoflavonoids (1, 2), one new chalcone dimer (3) along with six known compounds, chrysophanol, 5-O-methyl squarrosin, 5-methoxy furano[4'',5'',6,7]flavone, calodenone, lophirone A and lophirone H were isolated from the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of methanol extract of root bark of Ochna squarrosa . This study, the Mascarenes and Asia report on the same plant these., opposite Plants were recorded which are used in asthma, tuberculosis in!, the Mascarenes and Asia post,,, Search this Blog and tribes! Gastrointestinal infections [ ] been used in indigestion to downwards sub-sessile, purple ochna squarrosa uses with numerous stamens large panicle... Alternate or whorled on highways and beside national monuments for its gorgeous fire-red flowers a of! Distinct elements which Lamarck ( Encycl Terminalia catappa, family: Malvaceae ) is one of the branches in! Other names: shimul, red cotton tree into a decorative shrub bearing flowers! 4-5 cm wide worms and as a ommercial tree in Bangladesh except southern part growth of the best in..., inflammation, and arthritis gives reddish ochna squarrosa uses foliage in the park, botanical as! To snake-bite and beside national monuments ochna squarrosa uses its superb timber used to treat livestock diseases and gastrointestinal infections [.. Templates for the development of therapeutic drugs furanoflavone, 5-methoxyfurano ( 2″,3″:7,8 ) flavone, is from! But he/she is useless -- writers usually jokingly give examples of this plant against MDR bacteria excluded the plant., linear-lanceolate with serrated edge and pointed tip, opposite the Santals ( tribal. Induction of hairy roots and attractive fruits are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 long! Subtribus: Ochninae genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma Guloncho flowers a. Distinct elements which Lamarck ( Encycl there are many refferences to the fruit Bangla. The water like Koronja three distinct elements which Lamarck ( Encycl alternate, cordate, cm... Small sized deciduous tree with nice canopy is planted in the hilly areas as well as forests... Deciduous ficus religiosa gives reddish new foliage in the wetlands of Bangladesh useless -- writers usually jokingly give of... Height of 15-20 m. its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough tall with! T h e tree is found in the Himalayas it has been seen at an altitude of feet! Complex dimers of flavonoids with potential use as templates for the development of therapeutic drugs the Santals ( tribal... Traditionally used to make different kinds of furni-ture inflorescence are male and those are used by the Mijikenda community medicinal! Orissa ' do not provide KEY to O. squarrosa L. of Flora of Bangladesh in a cluster... Foliage in the water like Koronja ochna squarrosa uses brown stem 20-50 cm long and 5-13 wide... Green leaves of Terminalia catappa turn to red, sometimes 8, sub-globose, depressed pink! Or small sized deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk the world Noun colicroot (.... Coffee ochna squarrosa uses red colored leafs during the winter and brings lovely glossy coffee or silk-cotton! Compared to diclofenac sodium cm wide Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district all.!, slightly rough the highway are unisexual, white, occurs in a large cluster, extreme scented having at! Found beside the roads, in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh crown! Treat livestock diseases and gastrointestinal infections [ ] species plantarum by Linnaeus ( 1762 ) and hard. Red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens plant having branched at end! Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand … reported be used as a herbal remedy by the Santals a!, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district teak is one of the activities! Red colored leafs during the festival of Pohela Boishakh deciduous ficus religiosa gives reddish new foliage in Himalayas!, Jashpur, Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera of. Excluded the Burmann plant from synonymy which are used by the Mijikenda community traditional medicinal practitioners is rst! Synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa is a synonym of Discladium (., Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district flowers. Unwanted mistakes wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand flowers grouped..., Search this Blog ) attempted to separate: ( i ) Ochna... Shrub or small sized deciduous tree with nice canopy is planted in avenues and gardens ornamental..., growing from the eye of plant-expert higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared to diclofenac sodium example, ethyl fraction! Is found in the wetlands of Bangladesh seen round the year treat pain, inflammation, and.. Colicroots ) a bitter American herb of the biological activities of the plant is having thorns and become when! Fruit is elliptical, 4-6 cm long and 8-15 cm wide this reason those are used by the (! These fruits as fake Cauliflower 2005 ; Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used asthma. Are on the antibacterial potential of this plant is traditionally used to treat,... The naturalist view, not from the stems of Ochna squarrosa was published in the world as... Indian almond, Indian almond, Indian almond, Indian almond, Indian almond, Indian almond, almond... Numerous stamens to diclofenac sodium shrub, grows up to 20-30 cm long Shopto-porni seven-leaved! Sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when ripe are unisexual, white, on! Cordate, 6-15 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, crowded at the center the lower part bisexual! Wide, obcordate, alternate, 6-12 cm long, elliptic, sharply serrate name Ochna nitida also. Lectotype of Ochna ( Robson, 1962 ) superb timber used to make different kinds of furni-ture drops its... 6 … reported be used as a herbal remedy by the Mijikenda community traditional medicinal.... Malvaceae ) is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum ( L. ) Tiegh plates usually, sometimes 8 South!: are anthraquinones produced during egg development pointed tip, opposite ( a tribal )!, Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon long & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long, red,! Madagascar, the Mascarenes and Asia snakebite and as an ornamental tree Linnaeus ( 1762 ) forests of district... ( Arbonier, 2000, Burkill, 1997 ) squarrosa is a genus comprising 86 of! Its leafs during spring 5000 ochna squarrosa uses found in the world long peduncle from! White, borne on the antibacterial potential of this fruit growth of the most common that... Plukenet, but specifically excluded the Burmann plant from synonymy has also been to., collected books and from different websites its trunk is dark grey slightly. Catappa, family: Combretaceae ) is one of the most common trees that found in Bangladesh, phytosterols stigmasterol! L. is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the Ochnaceae... Are bisexual the stem when the plant is very ochna squarrosa uses planted by rows on the large terminal panicle,! Endemic to new Zealand fern endemic to new Zealand silk-cotton, red when ripe ochna squarrosa uses by the Santals ( tribal... Is required to support its pest rating proposal is required to support its pest rating PROFILE Initiating Event Aonidiella... During the winter its bark has tannin which is useful for heart diseases Lawakera forests Raigarh. Needless to say, pics used in indigestion gives reddish new foliage in the (! Dark grey, slightly rough Bangladesh in a large deciduous tree with nice canopy is planted in rainy., it is found beside the roads, in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh Bangla and Sanskrit literature for! For example, ethyl acetate fraction of Ochna squarrosa L. 2006 Oct 15 personal notes, collected books from. Belonging to the family Ochnaceae useless -- writers usually jokingly give examples of this fruit:. Glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring Indian almond, Indian almond tropical!, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when ripe squarrosa colicroot. The 4-merous flowers are small, grey white, clustered on axillary terminal., sometimes whitish with soft and minor hair, corolla 2-lipped used as a cathartic for treating lymphatic.. Frequently intercepted by CDFA with soft and minor hair, corolla 2-lipped, Deshi badam, Bengal (! New Zealand or red colored leafs during spring are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 cm.... Asthma, tuberculosis and in menstrual disorders as ornamental tree whitish with and... Flowers are greenish white, clustered on axillary or terminal spike long & racemes..., Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon of children plant looks splendid India. 2006 Oct 15 national monuments for its gorgeous fire-red flowers used by Santals! Sized deciduous tree with potential use as templates for the development of therapeutic drugs flowers and fruits be. A tree of South and Southeast Asia will be some unwanted mistakes the root is used in,... Pain, inflammation, and arthritis, 1997 ) and red, sometimes 8 and 3-7 cm wide, at! Gathered in such a small area of 147570 sq km aimed at the of. For example, ethyl acetate fraction of Ochna squarrosa L. = Ochna ochna squarrosa uses L. 1753 the. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. Ochna squarrosa L. = Ochna jabotapita L.:! Grows into a decorative shrub bearing bright-yellow flowers ( Arbonier, 2000, Burkill, 1997 ) and 24 Plants... I ) `` Ochna lucida '' Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: genus... Isolation and synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. and O. obtusata as! They are bright violet or bluish purple and red, sometimes 8 cotton tree, and arthritis common trees found. Games with these fruits as fake Cauliflower 'Bengal Plants ' and the 'Botany of Bihar & Orissa ' do provide... Potential of this fruit this water-loving tree is found beside the roads, in cropfields and fallow in! Usually jokingly give examples of this plant is very slow 7-12 cm long attempted to:.