[citation needed] There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in the 19 chambers. Visiting together with Changdeokgung with be a bit too much (although perfectly doable) as there is obviously much more to see there. One issue seems to be how best to “understand” and appreciate the site. [not verified in body] It was destroyed by fire in the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), then rebuilt in 1608. In the years to come, Seoul City Wall, Changdeokgung Palace, Jongmyo Shrine, Namsan Park, Yongsan, and the Han River will all be connected. The tour takes about 1 hour. This site will not amaze you, but be patient and relax and you can certainly appreciate this beautiful shrine. Jongmyo Shrine: Jongmyo Shrine - See 737 traveler reviews, 981 candid photos, and great deals for Seoul, South Korea, at Tripadvisor. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995. Apart from being a truly unique Confucian site, what gives this site OUV is the fact that of all the Confucian sites in Asia, Jongmyo is the only preserved one and continues to be used today for royal ancestral rites. [citation needed], The current Jeongjeon is National treasure of Korea No. [citation needed] Each room is very simple and plain in design. Through its extreme simplicity, one is supposed to feel the deep meaning of life and death as well as the sacred legacy of the Joseon Dynasty. As well as cabinets describing and explaining each of the implements/pots etc used in the ceremony, there are videos of it (this time with English subtitles!) Jongmyo (Hangul: 종묘; Hanja: 宗廟) is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). Find its location, facts, history, map, nearby attractions and more. That being said; I don’t think I have ever seen people look as bored as many did on my tour. Jul 12, 2016 - The Jongmyo Shrine infographic shows details about Jongmyo Shrine in Seoul, South Korea. Jongmyo Jerye and Jeryeak were designated as the first of South Korea's Masterpieces of the Oral … It is a pretty austere site to get a grip on. From reading the other reviews it seems there is a bit of a split in people’s views of this shrine. This royal shrine and its surroundings are well-preserved in their present form since the 16th century, where visitors can marvel at traditional Korean architecture and performance of memorial services during the Joseon Dynasty. 29. I really like it, and is one of my favourite places in Seoul. [4] King Sejong composed new music for the ritual based largely on hyangak (with some dangak) in 1447 and 1462. The memorial service, 'Jongmyo Jaerye', is said to be the oldest complete ceremony in the world, and was carried out in obedience to the king’s order. Excellent location, a short block from Subway Line #2 (the Green Line). You can only visit the shrine with a guided tour (except on Saturdays apparently) but the tour is included in the ticket price. Upon founding the Joseon Dynasty, Yi Seong-gye, who became King Taejo, decided Hanyang as his new kingdom’s capital and selected a site for Gyeongbokgung Palace. Currently, this ceremony is re-enacted on the first Sunday of May. Jul 22, 2014 - Jongmyo Shrine is the oldest Confucian royal shrine of Seoul in South Korea. Jongmyo Shrine is nothing to see. Moreover, other ceremonies to report important state affairs or to pray for the state are performed at Jongmyo. I had hoped that “National Museums of Korea” would have made the animations available on the Web but I can’t find any - perhaps I should have videoed them! [citation needed] The Jongmyo Daeje has been designated as Important Intangible Cultural Property No. Easy access from Incheon Airport via Bus #6015. Others have praised the guided aspect, though I must say that we found our guided tour of the Huwon at Changdeokgung something of a disappointment - too many people and not enough “meat” in the explanations (not unreasonable given the range of visitors and their interests - or lack thereof! 227 and is the longest building in Korea of traditional design. The shrine is a green area within the city and has clear flat pa... A must visit site that can be visited ONLY with free guided tours provided on-site. These are over 3000 documents (now all inscribed on the “Memory of the World” register) which, with incredible detail, describe the many Joseon court rituals in the form of both text and beautifully drawn/painted scenarios in which the location of every “actor” in the ritual is shown and their movements through the ceremony are described. The Jongmyo rite is usually accompanied with the court music playing and dance called Ilmu or line Dance. The original tablets were saved in the invasion by hiding them in the house of a commoner and also survive to this day. The 7 reviews to date of the Jongmyo Shrine are fairly “mixed” in terms of the degree of “value” which people felt they had obtained from their visit. [not verified in body] Nowadays[when?] The tablets of the most important kings are located in the main building on the site: an elongated building with 35 rooms on a vast square. Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian royal shrine and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Seoul. [citation needed] Each room, known as "myo-shil" (Hangul: 묘실; Hanja: 廟室, lit. Get information like fast facts, when to visit, weather, places to visit, hotels, restaurants, things to do, transportation and much more. and, best of all, CGI videos which first show the stages in the construction and extension of the shrine and then bring the ceremony to life by animating the relevant “Uigwe”. The simple and elegant buildings of this shrine have faithfully kept their original forms since the 16th century. [citation needed], The south entrance gate was reserved for spirits to enter and exit, the east gate was for the king, and the west gate was for the performers of the royal ritual. To illustrate the problem I have deliberately not chosen a photo of the main Jeongjeon area – there are plenty of those on the Web – instead I show the 2 raised “inspection tables” of Chanmakilan and Seongsaengwi. Jongmyo Shrine is well-connected by public transportation. As with its long history, the Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Changdeok Palace, Hwaseong Fortress, Jongmyo Shrine, Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty. The Jongmyo Shrine grounds is literally across the street from the Changdeok Palace compound. After that period of mourning, memorial tablets of the deceased were moved to Jongmyo and enshrined in Jeongjeon (top left photo), which now has 19 spirit chambers and houses a total of 49 tablets. It keeps the traditional dances and musical for over several hundred years, 40 Votes [citation needed] However, during the Seven-Year War (1592–98), Japanese invaders burned down the original shrine and a new complex was constructed in 1601 and has survived to this day. [not verified in body], When it was built in 1394 by order of King Taejo, the Jongmyo Shrine was thought to be one of the longest buildings in Asia, if not the longest. Surrounded by dense woodland, the impressive buildings of the Confucian shrine Jongmyo house the spirit tablets of the Joseon kings and queens and some of their most loyal government officials. I visited this WHS in May 2017 using the combination ticket to 4 Palaces and this shrine. 27 พ.ย. It was dedicated to the memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. The complex is still used today for ritual ceremonies. It is also the best preserved of these shrines. Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. The main hall is the longest building in Korea of traditional design. The Green Line allowed easy access to other major attractions in the Seoul area. [2], Viewed from the king's throne at Gyeongbokgung Palace, Jongmyo Shrine would have been on the king's left while the Sajik Shrine, another important Confucian shrine, was on the right. The site has I will say I am in the baffled camp. the members of the Jeonju Yi Royal Family Association perform the rites to the accompaniment of music and dance provided by musicians from the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts and dancers from the Gukak National High School. The complex is quite unique in East Asia where normally the spirit tablets are kept in a small shrine in the house or palace in case of royalties, but Jongmyo was built apart from the palace which makes it different from other royal Confucius shrines in China. [2] This court music has its origins in Chinese court music that was brought to Korea during the Goryeo period (918-1392). Overall, I enjoyed my visit and I'm glad I allowed a full day to visit the site and to enjoy the royal culture festival. Update: I revisited Jongmyo in 2016 to improve my pictures and better appreciate this quite WHS. Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived. [citation needed] In front of the main hall is the Woldae Courtyard, which is 150 meters in length and 100 meters in width. It is held every year on the first Sunday of May. Jongmyo shrine is a royal Confucian shrine in Jongno-gu, South Korea near the Changdeokgung Palace, unique for its traditional practice of ancestral worship hailing from ancient China. Jongmyo is located not far from Changdeokgung Palace. Being the place where the royal ancestral tablets are enshrined, Jongmyo's atmosphere is solemn and sacred rather than splendid like the royal palaces. This site is really intersting for its architecture and its symbolism. This one is still in place. This one is still in place. Jongmyo shrine is a fascinating visit for anyone interested in Seoul’s history. [citation needed] Only two kings' memorial tablets are not enshrined here. The slightly raised one in the centre was for those carrying the spirit tablets, incense and written prayers. However, I was not impressed Jongmyo at all since the whole area was quite chaotic with lots of noisy spectators and paparazzi-liked photographers in every corners of the shrine, the organizing system need to be set up, I even think it could be nicer to visit this place when there is no ceremony at all. I am sure that most tourists will visit it but, whilst the entry level on Floor 2 is good for the Joseon Palaces and kings etc, it is important to go down 2 further floors, past the display of the Korean Empire and the 2 imperial cars, to the basement level. It can be visited from metro station Jongno-3 (sam)-ga. There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in 19 chambers. Read more about the Jongmyo Shrine on my website. Jongmyo Shrine, the First Established Symbol of the Joseon Dynasty . The second largest is Yeongnyeongjeon, which has 16 spirit chambers and houses 34 tablets. Korea has a commendable policy on entry fees. It was built in 1394 and has been used to the early 20th century. [citation needed] Musicians, dancers, and scholars would perform Confucian rituals, such as the Jongmyo Daeje (Royal Shrine Ritual) in the courtyard five times a year. It is where the past kings and their queens of the Joseon Dynasty, who founded the country and endeavored for the best of … I think this is actually good as the guide was able to try and make some sense of the Confucian concepts behind the function of the shrine. [not verified in body] The main buildings of Jongmyo was constructed in October, 1394 when Taejo, first king of Joseon Dynasty, moved the capital to Seoul. English speaking tours are at 10am, 12pm, 2pm and 4pm. But this didn’t really add a great deal for us. The path on the right was for the king and the one on the left was for the crown prince. The shrine is right next to Changdeokgung another WHS, and just a short stroll form the antique shops and tea rooms of Insadong (my recommendation is Sin Yetchatjip/ Old Teashop where you can enjoy your cuppa in the company of some inquisitive finches that fly around the knick-knacks inside). The main hall, known as Jeongjeon, had seven rooms. Even though I visited the site when it's truly active with the Royal Culture Festival taking place during the first week of May, the crowds were not that huge and the nighttime performance (entrance with prior registration) with royal ancestral ritual music was a truly unexpected highlight. Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian sanctuary dedicated to the Joseon dynasty dead members. Unique Cycling Initiative. However, Jongmyo is not an active shrine and most of the times are closed making it just big boring buildings in the forest-liked park with few visitors, a really contrast to lively Japanese royal shrines in Tokyo or Kyoto. Twice a year, these ancestors are honored by a big ritual of song, dance and music in the Confucian tradition. Located on the east of Gyeongbokgung Palace, Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine of the Joseon Dynasty that is designated by UNESCO as world cultural assets in 1995. [citation needed] This practice of expansion continued, with the growth of the complex moving from west to east, because of the need to house more memorial tablets during the reigns of later kings until there were a total of 19 rooms. Four times a day there is a guided tour in English. The whole park is really crowded with thousands of spectators and lots of people dressed in ancient Korean ceremonial robes, a real feast of sight. [2] In addition to the tablet, there is a panel listing each king's accomplishments. Get information like fast facts, when to visit, weather, places to visit, hotels, restaurants, things to do, transportation and much more. Unlike the Changdeok Palace, you can enter the grounds with a ticket and stroll around the facilities to your heart’s content as a guide is not required. Essentially it is a walled park with two large rectangular courtyards lined with bulky wooden buildings fronted with closed doors on one side. According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. They really lend themselves to animation and those in the museum also have English sub-titles. The sacred shrine, declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1995, was erected in reverence for the Joseon Dynasty kings and queens and to house their royal family tablets. When a king or queen died, mourning at the palace would continue for 3 whole years! During the Seven-Year War, Japanese invaders burned down the original shrine and a new complex was constructed in 1601 which has survived to this day. 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