Berdardino de Sahagún was a Franciscan friar who arrived in … There were fewer deaths by starvation than small pox. Image of a Mesoamerican infected with smallpox; illustrated panel from the Florentine Codex, a compendium of information on Aztec people and history by Bernardino de Sahagún, a 16th-century Spanish Franciscan missionary. English: An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the en:Florentine Codex, the 16th-century compendium of materials and information on Aztec and Nahua history collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún.The drawing shows Nahuas infected with smallpox disease.The illustration accompanies text written in … The drawing shows Nahuas infected with smallpox disease. Almost 500 years later, they couldn’t be more resonant. “We talked about imagining being one of the tlacuilos [scribes], sequestered and writing your history,” she says, “not being able to go out and get your materials.”. Book Twelve contains a meticulous retelling of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, from the days leading up to the first arrival of Cortes to the eventual submission of the Tlatilulcans, the Tenochtitlans, and their rulers to the Spaniards. Sahagún’s potent descriptions of a terrible plague are tucked into a colonial encyclopedia created in the late 16th century by a group of indigenous scholars at the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco. . 1990s TV’s Hercules, was shut down by former costar Lucy Lawless, who played Xena, in a Twitter debate over the Capitol rioters. date QS:P,+1585-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902, Panel from the Florentine Cortex depicting smallpox outbreaks in the Americas during the 16th century. “I will have the supplies,” she says, “to tell the story of whatever goes down.”, When are feathers worth more than gold? It goes without saying that the “Historia General de las cosas de la Nueva España,” as the Florentine Codex was originally titled in Spanish, wasn’t created simply because the Franciscans were in love with Aztec learning. At Netflix, ‘Cobra Kai’ broke out. Florentine Codex smallpox: Aztecs dying of smallpox, (“The Florentine Codex,” 1540–85) Back to top; 19.5: Modern Issues in Health Care; 19.5B: Infectious Diseases Today and in the Developing World; Recommended articles. Public domain. Tenochtitlan people sick with smallpox at Florentine Codex. The last shows two Spanish soldiers casually disposing of the dead bodies of Moctezuma and Itzquauhtzin, the leaders of Tenochtitlán and Tlatelolco, respectively. . This drawing from the Florentine Codex is one of the earliest images of Native Americans infected with smallpox. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. That effort was led by the Getty Research Institute. Another shows the moment in which a pair of indigenous armies have defeated the Spanish in battle. This is the currently selected item. By Dr. Jack Botting Late Science Director ... That smallpox continued to be a widespread scourge up to the time of the formal record of morbidity and mortality is evidenced by the quotation of De la Condamine (see above). An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the en:Florentine Codex, the 16th-century compendium of materials and information on Aztec and Nahua history collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. “It’s like we performed this contemporary history in this contemporary moment,” she says. “They are capturing what their elders are saying, but also their colonial reality,” says Rebecca Dufendach, a research specialist at the Getty Research Institute who has been working with the codex for a decade. “To read that and see it,” says Mesoamerican scholar Kim Richter of the Getty Research Institute, “we can empathize with this text in a very different way now.”, Here’s the latest list of L.A. County communities with coronavirus cases, Coronavirus: Here’s the latest list of L.A. County communities with cases. Indie musician Ariel Pink has been dropped by his label after confirming he attended the Trump rally that led to a mob violently storming the Capitol. The illustration accompanies text written in Nahuatl, which in … While big-name celebs post treacly hymns of healing, upstart artists have created freaked-out, gallows-humored hip-hop and pop songs that better reflect our moment. Smallpox may have become a worldwide epidemic. Central American indigenous people (the Nahua) dying of smallpox. And many were crippled by it; however, they were not entirely crippled. If the Florentine Codex marks the creation of a historical artifact — and a brilliant, richly layered work of art — in the face of certain death, it is also an object that speaks to survival and resilience. Read the passage from the florentine codex. 300px-FlorentineCodex_BK12_F54_smallpox. “There was indeed perishing; many indeed died of it. Tommy Lasorda, the legendary L.A. Dodgers manager who died Thursday, had an ample acting résumé — mostly for appearances as his inimitable self. It is simply too risky to leave the safety of their cloister to go looking for supplies. Navegación de entradas The Aztec authors of the codex described how smallpox caused many deaths soon after the Spaniards arrived, not only because of the … The image to the right depicts the smallpox epidemic. Here’s when they think it will end. Little is known about the scholars who created the Florentine Codex or how they lived. A 20th century photograph brings to life the horror portrayed in the Florentine Codex illustration above. some it quite covered with blisters on all parts – their faces, their … Essentially it is three integral texts: (1) in Nahuatl; (2) a Spanish text; (3) pictorials. Aztec) life in the Valley of Mexico, where Mexico City is now located. Dufendach says that Spanish texts frequently frame the smallpox pandemics as an act of God. To this end, he recruited a group of young men from the Colegio de Santa Cruz to help him research, write and illustrate the epic undertaking. It is the story of a group of authors determined to record their history even as fatal illness strikes just beyond their walls. Courtesy Granger Collection, New York. An earlier version of this post stated that the Getty Foundation helped fund recent digitization efforts of the Florentine Codex. Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General history of the things of New Spain) is an encyclopedic work about the people and culture of central Mexico compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590), a Franciscan missionary who arrived in Mexico in 1529, eight years after completion of the Spanish conquest by Hernan Cortés. There are no recommended articles. A bigger platform means new scrutiny for the “Karate Kid” spinoff, indebted to Eastern traditions but from white creators and a largely white cast. Florentine Codex Smallpox Overview. Carolina A. Miranda is a Los Angeles Times columnist covering culture, with a focus on art and architecture. [The disease] brought great desolation: a great many died of it. 26, 2020An earlier version of this post stated that the Getty Foundation helped fund recent digitization efforts of the Florentine Codex. Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. L.A. using coronavirus test that FDA warns may produce false negatives. Illustration from the Florentine Codex, circa 1585. Now its whiteness is under a new spotlight. Contributors featured Aztec survivors of the 1520s Spanish conquest, under the direction of historian and missionary Bernardino de Sahagún. it was the month of tepeilhuitl when it began, and it spread over the people as great destruction. “It’s the opportunity to go inside ourselves and think about what we are doing,” she says, “to think about the most important things we could be doing.”. Image of a Mesoamerican infected with smallpox. “It’s comprehensive knowledge. Sahagún conceived of it as an anthropological tool that could provide an understanding of indigenous belief systems, and therefore help facilitate the conversion of the Nahua to Christianity. Prints and Printmakers in Colonial New Spain. The native population was weakened before Spanish attacks began. There were fewer deaths by starvation than small pox. Hispaniola’s early colonial art, an introduction. Previous Pause Next. English: An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the en:Florentine Codex, the 16th-century compendium of materials and information on Aztec and Nahua history collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún.The drawing shows Nahuas infected with smallpox disease.The illustration accompanies text written in … But it has also remained alive through the work of scholars who have studied it for more than a century, and through the artists who have long been inspired by its virtuosity. Riffle through Sandy Rodriguez’s dense rack of painting supplies and you’ll turn up feathers, withered plants and a container of cochineal powder, the fiery red tint produced by the insect that feeds on the leaves of the prickly pear cactus. Florentine Codex Smallpox can offer you many choices to save money thanks to 23 active results. Nahua is so poetic and it has certain repetitions. The Codex therefore reflects a distinct Nahua point of view — one that bears the imprint of people who had memory of a world before the arrival of the Spanish. Once in Mexico, How artist Sandy Rodriguez tells today’s fraught immigration story with pre-Columbian painting tools. This means that the Florentine Codex isn’t simply a bilingual record of events, it’s a pair of world views, presented side by side. (Image source: WikiMedia Commons) Featherworks: The Mass of St. Gregory. English: An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the en:Florentine Codex, the 16th-century compendium of materials and information on Aztec and Nahua history collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún.The drawing shows Nahuas infected with smallpox disease.The illustration accompanies text written in Nahuatl, which in English translation says in part: A 20th century photograph brings to life the horror portrayed in the Florentine Codex illustration above. A detail from Book 12 shows Spaniards tossing the dead bodies of Moctezuma and Itzquauhtzin into a canal. Book 12, which focuses on the Spanish invasion, tells the story of the Matanza de Tóxcatl — known in English as the Massacre in the Great Temple, which took place in May 1520. The image to the right depicts the smallpox epidemic. It is from the Florentine Codex, a 12-volume encyclopedic work that documented culture, religious practices, economics, natural history and the Spanish conquest. (A study published by scientists at University College London in 2018 estimates that 90% of indigenous populations throughout the Americas died from disease in the 16th century — so many it cooled Earth’s climate for a number of decades as untended fields were taken over by carbon dioxide-absorbing overgrowth. The 16th century codex was created, in part, during a pandemic. But Dufendach says the Codex never really embraces the use of viruela, the Spanish word for smallpox, in the portions that are written in Nahuatl. . The final version of the Florentine Codex was completed in 1569.The Nahuatl Sahagún’s goals of orientating fellow missionaries to Aztec culture, providing a rich Nahuatl vocabulary, and recording the indigenous cultural heritage at times compete with each other within it. The cutting of the flesh and the cracking of bones and people trying to walk and their guts spilling. The Florentine Codex is a 16th-century ethnographic research study in Mesoamerica by the Spanish Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún (c. 1499 – October 23, 1590). And it continuously reaches into the present. “There came to be prevalent a great sickness, a plague,” reports Book 12 of the Florentine Codex on this terrible event. Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General history of the things of New Spain) is an encyclopedic work about the people and culture of central Mexico compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590), a Franciscan missionary who arrived in Mexico in 1529, eight years after completion of the Spanish conquest by Hernan Cortés. Commonly called the Florentine Codex… Starvation could have been limited with better farming techniques. This is the currently selected item. This is Book 12, Chapter 29 of the Florentine Codex, also known as the General History of the Things of New Spain. When European explorers arrived in the New World during the Age of Exploration they brought with them many different types of diseases that were not already present in the New World, including: smallpox, influenza, measles, malaria, chicken pox and yellow fever. This drawing from the Florentine Codex is one of the earliest images of Native Americans infected with smallpox. That effort was led by the Getty Research Institute. The chroniclers who compiled it in the 16th Century devoted many pages to covering the effects of smallpox on local native populations. Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General history of the things of New Spain) is an encyclopedic work about the people and culture of central Mexico compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590), a Franciscan missionary who arrived in Mexico in 1529, eight years after completion of the Spanish conquest by Hernan Cortés. “They are understanding it on their terms,” she says. Spanish text is on the left, Nahuatl on the right. These different worldviews are brought to bear in the sections that describe disease. Courtesy Granger Collection, New York. Hollywood loved Tommy Lasorda too, letting him ham it up on TV and in movies. Bernardino de Sahagún and collaborators, Florentine Codex. The Spaniards hoped to use the information in his record to convert the Indians to Catholicism. some it quite covered with blisters on all parts – their faces, their heads, their chests, etc. It is from the Florentine Codex, a 12-volume encyclopedic work that documented culture, religious practices, economics, natural history and the Spanish conquest. James Lockhart has provided us with his transcription of the Nahuatl and its translation to English. The first page of Book 12 of the Florentine Codex, showing the arrival of the Spanish to the Gulf of Mexico. That effort was led by the Getty Research Institute. An illustrated detail shows a healer caring for patients lying on petates. From the Florentine Codex The Spaniards approached Tenochtitlan from the south, crossing to the city along the causeway from Ixtapalapa. “I’ve been burning my sage and my copal and asking for strength,” she says. Florentine Codex. The Bug That Had the World Seeing Red. The Florentine Codex was a detailed survey of New Spain. ... Codex Chimalpopoca Anales de Tlatelolco II COMPOSITION PUBLICATION 1520 I520S 1526 I530S I540S I540S I530-40S ... Anderson), Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain (Santa Fe, I955-75), Almost 500 years later, they remain in dazzling shape. Sahagún transcribed the Historia General de las Cosas de la Nueva Españia ("General History of the Things of New Spain," also known as the Florentine Codex) as it was told to hi… From Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex, Book 12, Chapter 29 (Mexica) Here it is told how, at the time the Spaniards left Mexico, there came an illness of pustules of which many Mexicas died; it was called "the great rash" [smallpox]. The pustules that covered people caused great desolation; very many people died of them, and many just starved to death; starvation reigned, and no one took care of others any longer.On some people, the pustules appeared only far apart, and they did not suffer greatly, nor did many of them die of it. and [even] before the spaniards had risen against us, a pestilence first came to be prevalent: the smallpox. California OKs expansion of who can get COVID-19 vaccine to avoid doses going to waste, California expands who can get COVID-19 vaccine to avoid medicine going to waste, These researchers predicted California’s COVID-19 surge. Magaloni imagines a high degree of dedication — scholars attempting to put the world of their elders on paper, before it disappears — but also of deep introspection. Los Angeles painter Sandy Rodriguez creates contemporary paintings using materials of pre-Columbian artists, such as cochineal and mineral oxides. Creator: Biblioteca … This is partly because of the work of organizations like the Laurentian Library, which has lovingly preserved it, and the Getty Research Institute, which is currently funding a digitization effort that is creating a high-resolution scan of the codex, which it aims to put online by 2022 — with translations and tagged, searchable images. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. English: An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the en:Florentine Codex, the 16th-century compendium of materials and information on Aztec and Nahua history collected by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún.The drawing shows Nahuas infected with smallpox disease.The illustration accompanies text written in Nahuatl, which in English translation says in part: And not just one disease but several. You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times. Lawyer for ‘SoHo Karen’ advised her client not to wear that ‘Daddy’ hat on TV. In the Florentine Codex, Fray Bernardino de Sahagún says that the disease “brought great desolation: a great many died of it. it was the month of tepeilhuitl when it began, and it spread over the people as great destruction. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/PDMCreative Commons Public Domain Mark 1.0falsefalse. Pre-Colombian Mexica of Nahua, also known as Aztecs, recorded their history in the form of images and pictograms in the so-called codices. “They are trying to describe it in the Nahua language.”. Column: After losing a child, ‘Pieces of a Woman’ filmmakers channeled their grief into art. There are no recommended articles. Read the passage from the florentine codex. In its format and its ambitious scope, it nods to the work of the ancient Roman scholar Pliny the Elder and his “Naturalis Historia” (“The Natural History”). The illustration accompanies text written in Nahuatl, which in English translation says in part: ". “But it’s focusing on the cultures of the Aztecs and written in the generation after the conquest of the Aztec Empire.”, Pandemic pop: At home and around the world, dark-humored new songs about coronavirus go viral. The colors, they look like they were painted yesterday.”. For Rodriguez, that means continuing to paint — much like the scribes of the 1570s. An introduction to New Spain. Image of a Mesoamerican infected with smallpox. Florentine Codex smallpox: Fecha: 23 de enero de 2009: Fuente: Trabajo propio: Autor: Jaontiveros: Licencia. Director Kornél Mundruczó and writer Kata Wéber explored their own reactions to the loss of their child to create a messy and miraculous portrayal of the many forms of grief. A detail from Book 9 of the Florentine Codex shows a feather worker preparing tropical bird feathers for a feather mosaic. “It was not just the war-time invasion but a moral invasion.”. Albert Camus’ ‘The Plague’ and our own Great Reset, Albert Camus’ “The Plague,” read in quarantine for the first time, warns us to reset our own priorities, “It’s a connection to that world — all the animals, all the beings,” says Magaloni, who is a deputy director at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. While others were out buying toilet paper, she was stocking up on her materials. It is the middle of a plague — “a pestilence so great and universal, that already it has been three months since it started, and many have died and many more continue to die.”. The Florentine Codex is a 16th-century ethnographic research study in Mesoamerica by the Spanish Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons (right). (Image source: WikiMedia Commons) What makes the book so dynamic is that the codex isn’t mere observation. Smallpox attacked Tenochtitlan at an important time in the Mesoamerican calendar.According to the Mexica’s account of the Spanish invasion, recorded in Book 12 of the Florentine Codex (created c. 1575–77 by a Franciscan friar and Indigenous collaborators), smallpox erupted during the sacred month of … Article type Section or Page Number of Print Columns Two … In fact, it is partway through that book — about the natural world — in which color begins to disappear as the pandemic of 1576 begins to claim victims, disrupt supply lines and force its authors into quarantine. It is also the story of a book, and the knowledge contained within it, that, against all odds, endured the ravages of history. Private Collection/Bridgeman Images Private Collection/Bridgeman Images The Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the sixteenth century. ‘Nomadland’ named best picture by National Society of Film Critics awards. Contributors featured Aztec survivors of the 1520s Spanish conquest, under the direction of historian and missionary Bernardino de … " (Translated from the Florentine Codex) The first smallpox epidemic in what would become Canada struck in 1616, with the natives devastated near Tadoussac, France’s first trading post in North America. I buried more than 10,000 bodies, and at the end of the epidemic, I caught the illness and was very ill. Central American indigenous people (the Nahua) dying of smallpox. . English: The Florentine Codex (c. 1540 and 1585) — the name of 12 illuminated books of Aztec codices, created in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (colonial México), of the history of the. Historia general de las cosas de nueva España (General history of the things of New Spain) is an encyclopedic work about the people and culture of central Mexico compiled by Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590), a Franciscan missionary who arrived in Mexico in 1529, eight years … It’s something amazing.”. “They are trying to capture this world of knowledge.”. “It’s based on the concept of the European encyclopedia,” explains Richter. By the time of the show’s March 7 closing, the severity of the coronavirus pandemic had become all too evident in the U.S. — and what had been an interesting historical exercise now had new meaning. It is estimated that Sahagún began work on the project in the late 1540s, assembling draft manuscripts (such as the Códices Matritenses, which still survive) and attempting to devise a taxonomy for how the tome would be organized. Illustrated panel from the Florentine Codex, a compendium of information on Aztec people and history by Bernardino de Sahagún, a 16th-century Spanish Franciscan missionary. The last two books were created during a smallpox pandemic. It is believed that the Nahuatl text was written first and the Spanish came after. It’s an event referred to as “the Great Dying.”). This does little to stop a group of scholars who have sealed themselves off from the world in a Mexico City convent, where they toil on a series of volumes devoted to indigenous knowledge. If before the plague their goal was to create a historical record, it’s now become a race against time and disease: The pandemic is claiming lives outside of their walls. ‘Nomadland’ scores best picture from the National Society of Film Critics. Viceroyalty of New Spain. Image of a Mesoamerican infected with smallpox; illustrated panel from the Florentine Codex, a compendium of information on Aztec people and history by Bernardino de Sahagún, a 16th-century Spanish Franciscan missionary. An image from the Florentine Codex, compiled in Mexico in the 1500s, shows the devastating effects of smallpox on the native population. That smallpox continued to be a widespread scourge up to the time of the formal record of morbidity and mortality is evidenced by the quotation of De la Condamine (see above). Girl with smallpox, Bangladesh, 1973. Native American Aztec people of Mexico dying of smallpox introduced by the Spaniards, copied from the Codex Florentine. As they ran out of color, scribes used coded images to denote the tones of an object — say, placing a ladybug next to a flower to mark the red of its petals. If they did move, they screamed with pain.” 3 An illustration from the Florentine Codex (below) portrays the afflicted. Central Mexican victims of 1520 smallpox epidemic. Florentine Codex smallpox: Aztecs dying of smallpox, (“The Florentine Codex,” 1540–85) Back to top; 19.5: Modern Issues in Health Care; 19.5B: Infectious Diseases Today and in the Developing World; Recommended articles. (Already Spanish friars had devised a system of writing the previously unwritten Nahuatl using the Latin alphabet.). As the contagion took its toll and supply lines for pigments fray, color disappears from the illustrations partway through Book 11. “The world of color has meaning for them.”. Disease shaped not just the ideas in the Florentine Codex, but its manufacture. Even in this one chapter describing the appearance of smallpox in the fall of 1520, As with the Aztecs, smallpox paved the way for Europeans to colonize North America. 11:54 AM, Mar. There is even an entry on “malas mugeres” — “bad women,” to quote the early modern Spanish — or sex workers. And when they made a motion, they called out loudly. “They aren’t hiding it. When Berdardino de Sahagún, a Franciscan friar who came to Mexico in 1529 as one of the first Spanish missionaries, learned the Aztec language, his superiors directed him to compile a record in Nahuatl of Aztec history and customs. After a translation mistake, it was given the name Historia general de las Cosas de Nueva España. At other times, he provides more interpretation.”. Smallpox from the Florentine Codex. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons (left). They were unable to change position, to stretch out on their sides or face down, or raise their heads. The new discount codes are constantly updated on Couponxoo. Berdardino de Sahagún was a Franciscan friar who arrived in Mexico in 1529. She is a student of the codex and its artistic methodologies, and for a recent show at L.A.'s Charlie James Gallery, which focused on the stories of Central American children who have died while in the custody of U.S. immigration authorities, she gathered a group of poets to create work inspired by Book 12 of the Florentine Codex, which tells the story of the conquest. ‘Kingdoms’ exhibition answers with spectacular finds. The best-preserved manuscript is commonly referred to as the Florentine Codex, as the codex is held in the Laurentian Library of Florence, I… Deja un comentario / Por redaccion / 5 agosto, 2020 5 agosto, 2020. The Florentine Codex & an Aztec Account of Smallpox A note on this reading: The following document describes the devastation of smallpox and the fall of Tenochtitlán, as witnessed by Aztec elders who later relayed their accounts to a Spanish missionary. Courtesy Granger Collection, New York. I’m in a roomful of people ‘panicked that I might inadvertently give away their location’. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or fewer. “The General History of the Things of New Spain” — better known as the Florentine Codex — is a massive 2,000-page compendium of Nahua (a.k.a. An earlier version of this post stated that the Getty Foundation helped fund recent digitization efforts of the Florentine Codex. They could no longer walk about, but lay in their dwellings and sleeping places, no longer able to move or stir. One of the three volumes of the Florentine Codex on view at the Getty Museum in the exhibition “Golden Kingdoms: Luxury and Legacy in the Ancient Americas,” which opened in the fall of 2017. Public domain. The Florentine Codex is divided by subject area into twelve books and includes over 2,000 illustrations drawn by Nahua artists in the sixteenth century. In both Spanish and Nahuatl (the Nahua language), the codex is composed of 12 handwritten books featuring almost 2,500 illustrations, which are bound into three massive volumes that now reside at the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy. FlorentineCodex_BK12_F54_smallpox.jpg ‎(640 × 494 pixels, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg), ". Th e development of Spain, various Caribbean groups, the Mexica, and Inca were significant because they provided the context for events beginning in 1492 and continuing into the seventeenth century. Aztec (Mexica) warriors, Florentine Codex (1569) The Spanish conquest of the Americas was a long-term series of struggles spanning over a century. The guidance appears to sharply contradict the position taken by Mayor Eric Garcetti, who opened up testing to anyone, whether or not they show symptoms. Date: 1557 Owner: University of New Mexico Press Source Type: Images . . Historiography of Colonial Spanish America, Portal:Indigenous peoples of the Americas, آزتک ایمپیراتورلوغونون ایسپانیوللار طرفیندان آلینماسی, Historiografía de la América Española Colonial, Portal:Pobos indíxenas de América/Imaxe destacada/Arquivo, Portal:Pobos indíxenas de América/Imaxe destacada/8, Missione San Francisco Javier de Viggé-Biaundó, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:FlorentineCodex_BK12_F54_smallpox.jpg, {{Information |Description={{en|1=An illustrated panel appearing on fol.54 of Book XII of the ''. To wear that ‘Daddy’ hat on TV and in movies 20th century photograph brings to life the horror in. Out, a sickness of pustules central American indigenous people ( the Nahua text, as... In part, during a smallpox pandemic features Moctezuma and Itzquauhtzin into canal. An illness broke out, a plague, ” says Richter what’s on TV restrictions copyright! Of indigenous American students loved Tommy Lasorda too, letting him ham it up on florentine codex smallpox,... 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