The implementation of control measures that do not imply an added burden to the environment and/or the farmers is urgent. Heat a small piece of metal to make the holes easily. If you grow backyard fruit trees, unfortunately you’ll find there’s a range of pests wanting to get to your harvests before you do.And one of the most insidious is the Queensland fruit fly (which despite its name, is active well beyond Queensland). It is therefore recommended that an integrated approach is adopted to manage the spread. Israel Journal of Entomology 10, 51-72. Chemical control is used when biological and cultural control has not been enough to protect the productivity of the crop. Your rating: Your rating: None. Austral Entomology 2015 , 54 (4) , 411-426. Therefore, keeping in view the importance of the pest and crop, the melon fruit fly management could be done using local area management or wide area management. 1998). Do not allow fallen fruit to accumulate under trees. Put a wire from the cover to suspend the bait. OPs and CARBs that have been used most frequently in fruit fly control include dimethoate, fenthion, naled, malathion, fenitrothion, formothion (OPs), and methomyl (CARB). Average: 0. Three insecticides, one with a fly attractant, protein hydrolysate, were tested in field experiments in 1975 and 1976 to control Dacus frontalis on watermelon and sweet melon in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 5(1), 40-42. Chemical Management of Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Conquillett (Diptera:Tephritidae) on Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia Linn.) The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘bait components’ to the above ‘base baits’ to enhance their attractiveness. In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. }, author={S. Khan and G. H. Chughtai and Qamar-ul-Islam}, journal={Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research}, year={1984}, volume={5}, pages={40-42} } The two most common mechanical methods of control are wrapping developing fruit with a protective covering and the use of baited traps. Fruit Fly Mania is a protein which is highly attractive to both male and female fruit flies. Summary. The melon fly. Materials required. Plastic bottle/jar 1 litre; Latex gloves; Galvanized utility wire; Methodology . cultural control, biological control, and chemical control. Corpus ID: 83293314. Chemicals for fighting the melon fly. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. An experiment was conducted by Nasiruddin and karim (1992) on the evaluation of potential control measure for fruit fly, Bactrocera (Dacus) cucurbitae, in snake gourd. Area-Wide Control of the Oriental Fruit FLY and Melon FLY in Taiwan. Local area management means the … Khan S, Chughtai GH, Qamar-ul-Islam (1984) Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). This protein bait is specific to the fruit fly, it only attracts and kill these flies. No votes yet. Biological . Chemical Control Although cover sprays of entire crops are sometimes used, the use of bait sprays is both more economical and more environmentally acceptable. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is a recommended method of controlling adult melon fly populations in the vicinity of crops. The female produces a pheromone when she wants to mate and lay eggs. Kugler J, Freldberg A (1975) A list of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Israel and nearby areas, their host plants and distribution. Management Non-chemical control Mechanical. The control plot and treated plots were characterized by varied fly population density on successive days of observation, with … Within 30 hours, tiny maggots hatch and start to eat the decayed food. The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. Management of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps Bait traps. These are applied baiting and cultural practices for management of fruit flies. While there are a number of parasitoids that can help control fruit fly populations, these kill the insect in the pupal stage and are therefore of little use in preventing damage if populations are already high. Fruit fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, application of chemical pesticides and sanitation. Video: How to Control Fruit Fly Organically (December 2020). [citation needed] Cultural. Where chemical control is required, selective insecticides are chosen which target the pest, leaving the beneficial population unharmed. The fruit fly is known as one of the two-winged insects, and it is one of the agricultural pests that intrude on fruit trees, causing damage to them, and weakening their productivity, and the female of this fly puts its eggs in a hole under the shell of a fruit seed, and when these eggs hatch, larvae come out white. Fruit flies. Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. malathion) mixed with a protein bait. Some activities were accomplished to monitor and manage fruit fly in Nepal. An adult female fruit fly can lay up to 2,000 eggs on the surface of anything that's moist and rotting. @article{Khan1984ChemicalCO, title={Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). The melon fly can attack both flowers, stem and root tissue, and fruit. It attracts all common species of fruit flies such as African invasive fruit fly, melon fly and mediterranean fruit fly. A bait spray consists of a suitable insecticide (e.g. More information about IPM. Like many insects, male and female fruit flies find each other using smell. Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. A poisoned bait gave good control of fruit flies (Steiner et al. Responses of fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) to novel male attractants in north Queensland, Australia, and improved lures for some pest species. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. 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